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The Web Design Group

Special Entities

The following table gives the character entity reference, decimal character reference, and hexadecimal character reference for markup-significant and internationalization characters, as well as the rendering of each in your browser. Glyphs of the characters are available at the Unicode Consortium.

With the exception of HTML 2.0's ", &, <, and >, browser support for these entities is generally quite poor, but recent browsers support some of the character entity references and decimal character references.

Note that hexadecimal character references will cause errors with current validators since these references are defined in a recent revision to the SGML standard that is not yet supported by validators.

Character Entity Decimal Hex Rendering in Your Browser
Entity Decimal Hex
quotation mark = APL quote " " " " " "
ampersand & & & & & &
less-than sign &lt; &#60; &#x3C; < < <
greater-than sign &gt; &#62; &#x3E; > > >
Latin capital ligature OE &OElig; &#338; &#x152; Œ Œ Œ
Latin small ligature oe &oelig; &#339; &#x153; œ œ œ
Latin capital letter S with caron &Scaron; &#352; &#x160; Š Š Š
Latin small letter s with caron &scaron; &#353; &#x161; š š š
Latin capital letter Y with diaeresis &Yuml; &#376; &#x178; Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ
modifier letter circumflex accent &circ; &#710; &#x2C6; ˆ ˆ ˆ
small tilde &tilde; &#732; &#x2DC; ˜ ˜ ˜
en space &ensp; &#8194; &#x2002;
em space &emsp; &#8195; &#x2003;
thin space &thinsp; &#8201; &#x2009;
zero width non-joiner &zwnj; &#8204; &#x200C;
zero width joiner &zwj; &#8205; &#x200D;
left-to-right mark &lrm; &#8206; &#x200E;
right-to-left mark &rlm; &#8207; &#x200F;
en dash &ndash; &#8211; &#x2013;
em dash &mdash; &#8212; &#x2014;
left single quotation mark &lsquo; &#8216; &#x2018;
right single quotation mark &rsquo; &#8217; &#x2019;
single low-9 quotation mark &sbquo; &#8218; &#x201A;
left double quotation mark &ldquo; &#8220; &#x201C;
right double quotation mark &rdquo; &#8221; &#x201D;
double low-9 quotation mark &bdquo; &#8222; &#x201E;
dagger &dagger; &#8224; &#x2020;
double dagger &Dagger; &#8225; &#x2021;
per mille sign &permil; &#8240; &#x2030;
single left-pointing angle quotation mark &lsaquo; &#8249; &#x2039;
single right-pointing angle quotation mark &rsaquo; &#8250; &#x203A;
euro sign &euro; &#8364; &#x20AC;