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Appendix A. A sample style sheet for HTML 4.0

This appendix is informative, not normative.

This style sheet describes the typical formatting of all HTML 4.0 ([HTML40]) elements based on extensive research into current UA practice. Developers are encouraged to use it as a default style sheet in their implementations.

The full presentation of some HTML elements cannot be expressed in CSS2, including replaced elements (IMG, OBJECT), scripting elements (SCRIPT, APPLET), form control elements, and frame elements.

ADDRESS,
BLOCKQUOTE, 
BODY, DD, DIV, 
DL, DT, 
FIELDSET, FORM,
FRAME, FRAMESET,
H1, H2, H3, H4, 
H5, H6, IFRAME, 
NOFRAMES, 
OBJECT, OL, P, 
UL, APPLET, 
CENTER, DIR, 
HR, MENU, PRE   { display: block }
LI              { display: list-item }
HEAD            { display: none }
TABLE           { display: table }
TR              { display: table-row }
THEAD           { display: table-header-group }
TBODY           { display: table-row-group }
TFOOT           { display: table-footer-group }
COL             { display: table-column }
COLGROUP        { display: table-column-group }
TD, TH          { display: table-cell }
CAPTION         { display: table-caption }
TH              { font-weight: bolder; text-align: center }
CAPTION         { text-align: center }
BODY            { padding: 8px; line-height: 1.33 }
H1              { font-size: 2em; margin: .67em 0 }
H2              { font-size: 1.5em; margin: .83em 0 }
H3              { font-size: 1.17em; margin: 1em 0 }
H4, P,
BLOCKQUOTE, UL,
FIELDSET, FORM,
OL, DL, DIR,
MENU            { margin: 1.33em 0 }
H5              { font-size: .83em; line-height: 1.17em; margin: 1.67em 0 }
H6              { font-size: .67em; margin: 2.33em 0 }
H1, H2, H3, H4,
H5, H6, B,
STRONG          { font-weight: bolder }
BLOCKQUOTE      { margin-left: 40px; margin-right: 40px }
I, CITE, EM,
VAR, ADDRESS    { font-style: italic }
PRE, TT, CODE,
KBD, SAMP       { font-family: monospace }
PRE             { white-space: pre }
BIG             { font-size: 1.17em }
SMALL, SUB, SUP { font-size: .83em }
SUB             { vertical-align: sub }
SUP             { vertical-align: super }
S, STRIKE, DEL  { text-decoration: line-through }
HR              { border: 1px inset }
OL, UL, DIR,
MENU, DD        { margin-left: 40px }
OL              { list-style-type: decimal }
OL UL, UL OL,
UL UL, OL OL    { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0 }
U, INS          { text-decoration: underline }
CENTER          { text-align: center }
BR:before       { content: "\A" }

/* An example of style for HTML 4.0's ABBR/ACRONYM elements */

ABBR, ACRONYM   { font-variant: small-caps; letter-spacing: 0.1em }
A[href]         { text-decoration: underline }
:focus          { outline: thin dotted invert }


/* Begin bidirectionality settings (do not change) */
BDO[DIR="ltr"]  { direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: bidi-override }
BDO[DIR="rtl"]  { direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: bidi-override }

*[DIR="ltr"]    { direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed }
*[DIR="rtl"]    { direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed }

/* Elements that are block-level in HTML4 */
ADDRESS, BLOCKQUOTE, BODY, DD, DIV, DL, DT, FIELDSET, 
FORM, FRAME, FRAMESET, H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, H6, IFRAME,
NOSCRIPT, NOFRAMES, OBJECT, OL, P, UL, APPLET, CENTER, 
DIR, HR, MENU, PRE, LI, TABLE, TR, THEAD, TBODY, TFOOT, 
COL, COLGROUP, TD, TH, CAPTION 
                { unicode-bidi: embed }
/* End bidi settings */


@media print {
  @page         { margin: 10% }
  H1, H2, H3,
  H4, H5, H6    { page-break-after: avoid; page-break-inside: avoid }
  BLOCKQUOTE, 
  PRE           { page-break-inside: avoid }
  UL, OL, DL    { page-break-before: avoid }
}

@media speech {
  H1, H2, H3, 
  H4, H5, H6    { voice-family: paul, male; stress: 20; richness: 90 }
  H1            { pitch: x-low; pitch-range: 90 }
  H2            { pitch: x-low; pitch-range: 80 }
  H3            { pitch: low; pitch-range: 70 }
  H4            { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 60 }
  H5            { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 50 }
  H6            { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 40 }
  LI, DT, DD    { pitch: medium; richness: 60 }
  DT            { stress: 80 }
  PRE, CODE, TT { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 0; stress: 0; richness: 80 }
  EM            { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 60; stress: 60; richness: 50 }
  STRONG        { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 60; stress: 90; richness: 90 }
  DFN           { pitch: high; pitch-range: 60; stress: 60 }
  S, STRIKE     { richness: 0 }
  I             { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 60; stress: 60; richness: 50 }
  B             { pitch: medium; pitch-range: 60; stress: 90; richness: 90 }
  U             { richness: 0 }
  A:link        { voice-family: harry, male }
  A:visited     { voice-family: betty, female }
  A:active      { voice-family: betty, female; pitch-range: 80; pitch: x-high }
}