Полезная информация

Webmaster in a Nutshell

Previous Chapter 13
Server Side Includes
Next
 

13.3 Basic SSI Directives

All SSI directives have the format:

<!--#command parameter(s)="argument"-->

Each of the symbols is important; be careful not to forget the pound sign (#).

Following is a list of the primary Server Side Includes, the parameters they take, and what they do.

echo

Inserts value of special SSI variables, as well as other environment variables. For example:

<H1>Welcome to my server at
<!--#echo var="SERVER_NAME"-->...</H1>

See also Chapter 11, CGI Environment Variables, and "SSI Environment Variables" later in the current chapter.

include

Inserts text of document into current file.

Arguments

file

Pathname relative to a document on the server.

virtual

Virtual path to a document on the server.

For

<!--#include file="stuff.html"-->
<!--#include virtual="/personal/stuff.html"-->

fsize

Inserts the size of a specified file.

The size of the file is
<!--#fsize file="/mybook.ps"--> bytes.

flastmod

Inserts the last modification date and time for a specified file.

The file was last modified on 
<!--#flastmod file="/mybook.ps"-->bytes.

You can specify the format of the date and time returned using the config directive with the timefmt argument; timefmt takes a wide range of values described in the section "Configurable Time Formats For SSI Output" later in this chapter.

exec

Executes external programs and inserts output in the current document.

Arguments

cmd

Any application on the host.

cgi

CGI program.

For example:

<!--#exec cmd="/bin/finger $REMOTE_USER@$REMOTE_HOST"-->
This page has been accessed 
<!--#exec cgi="/cgi-bin/counter.pl"--> 
times.

config

Modifies various aspects of SSI.

Arguments

errmsg

Default error message.

<!--#config errmsg="Error: File not found"-->

sizefmt

Format for the size of the file (returned by the fsize directive). Acceptable values for sizefmt are bytes, or abbrev, which rounds the file size to the nearest kilobyte. For example:

<!--#config sizefmt="abbrev"-->

timefmt

Format for times and dates. SSI offers a wide range of formats. See the section "Configurable Time Formats For SSI Output" later in this chapter.


Previous Home Next
Faking SSI for the CERN Server Book Index SSI Environment Variables

HTML: The Definitive Guide CGI Programming JavaScript: The Definitive Guide Programming Perl WebMaster in a Nutshell