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7. Character Entities

.so /usr/local/txtools/macros/current/accents.latin1 The following table collects the defined standard, proposed, and several nonstandard (but generally supported) character entities for HTML.

Entity names, if defined, appear for their respective characters and can be used in the HTML character-entity sequence &name; to define any character for display by the browser. Otherwise, or alternatively for named characters, use the character's three-digit numerical value in the sequence &#nnn; to specifically define an HTML character entity. Actual characters, however, may or may not be displayed by the browser depending on the computer platform and user-selected font for display.

Not all 256 characters in the ISO character set appear in the table. Missing ones are not recognized by the browser as either named or numeric entities.

To be sure that your documents are fully compliant with the HTML 2.0 standard, use only those named character entities whose conformance column is blank. Characters whose conformance columns contain a "P" (Proposed) are generally supported by the current browsers, although are not part of the HTML standard. Defy compliance by using the nonstandard (N) entities.

Numeric Named      
Entity Entity Symbol Description Conformance
	     Horizontal tab  

     Line feed  

     Carriage return  
      Space  
!   ! Exclamation point  
" " " Quotation mark  
#   # Hash mark  
$   $ Dollar sign  
%   % Percent sign  
& & & Ampersand  
'   ' Apostrophe  
(   ( Left parenthesis  
)   ) Right parenthesis  
*   * Asterisk  
+   + Plus sign  
,   , Comma  
-   - Hyphen  
.   . Period  
/   / Slash  
0   0 - 9 Digits 0 - 9  
- 9 :   : Colon  
&#059;   ; Semicolon  
&#060; &lt; < Less than  
&#061;   = Equal sign  
&#062; &gt; > Greater than  
&#063;   ? Question mark  
&#064;   @ Commercial "at" sign  
&#065;   A - Z Letters A - Z  
- &#090; &#091;   [ Left square bracket  
&#092;   \ Backslash  
&#093;   ] Right square bracket  
&#094;   ^ Caret  
&#095;     Underscore  
&#096;   ` Grave accent  
&#097;   a - z Letters a - z  
- &#122; &#123;   { Left curly brace  
&#124;   | Vertical bar  
&#125;   } Right curly brace  
&#126;   ~ Tilde  
&#130;   ,   N
&#131;   f Florin N
&#132;   " Right double quote N
&#133;   ... Ellipsis N
&#134;   (dagger) Dagger N
&#135;   (Dagger) Double dagger N
&#136;   ^ Circumflex N
&#137;   (0/00) Permil N
&#138;       N
&#139;   < Less than sign N
&#140;   (OE) Capital OE ligature N
&#145;   ` Left single quote N
&#146;   ' Right single quote N
&#147;   " Left double quote N
&#148;   " Right double quote N
&#149;   (bull) Bullet N
&#150;   -- Em dash N
&#151;   - En dash N
&#152;   ~ Tilde N
&#153;   TM Trademark N
&#154;       N
&#155;   > Greater than sign N
&#156;   (oe) Small oe ligature N
&#159;   (Y Umlaut) Capital Y, umlaut N
&#160; &nbsp;   Nonbreaking space P
&#161; &iexcl; (! inverted) Inverted exclamation point P
&#162; &cent; cent sign Cent sign P
&#163; &pound; # Pound sign P
&#164; &curren; $ General currency sign P
&#165; &yen; (Yen) Yen sign P
&#166; &brvbar; ??ENTITY-brvbar Broken vertical bar P
&#167; &sect; (Section sign) Section sign P
&#168; &uml; ??ENTITY-uml Umlaut P
&#169; &copy; © Copyright P
&#170; &ordf; (Feminine ordinal) Feminine ordinal P
&#171; &laquo; ` Left angle quote P
&#172; &not; ! Not sign P
&#173; &shy; - Soft hyphen P
&#174; &reg; (R) Registered trademark P
&#175; &macr; (Macron accent) Macron accent P
&#176; &deg; (deg) Degree sign P
&#177; &plusmn; +/- Plus or minus P
&#178; &sup2; (Superscript 2) Superscript 2 P
&#179; &sup3; (Superscript 3) Superscript 3 P
&#180; &acute; ' Acute accent P
&#181; &micro; µ Micro sign (Greek mu) P
&#182; &para; (Paragraph sign) Paragraph sign P
&#183; &middot; ??ENTITY-middot Middle dot P
&#184; &cedil; (Cedilla) Cedilla P
&#185; &sup1; (Superscript 1) Superscript 1 P
&#186; &ordm; (Masculine ordinal) Masculine ordinal P
&#187; &raquo; '' Right angle quote P
&#188; &frac14; 8 Fraction one-fourth P
&#189; &frac12; 7 Fraction one-half P
&#190; &frac34; 9 Fraction three-fourths P
&#191; &iquest; ¿ Inverted question mark P
&#192; &Agrave; À Capital A, grave accent  
&#193; &Aacute; Á Capital A, acute accent  
&#194; &Acirc; Â Capital A, circumflex accent  
&#195; &Atilde; Ã Capital A, tilde  
&#196; &Auml; Ä Capital A, umlaut  
&#197; &Aring; Å Capital A, ring  
&#198; &AElig; Æ Capital AE ligature  
&#199; &Ccedil; Ç Capital C, cedilla  
&#200; &Egrave; È Capital E, grave accent  
&#201; &Eacute; É Capital E, acute accent  
&#202; &Ecirc; Ê Capital E, circumflex accent  
&#203; &Euml; Ë Capital E, umlaut  
&#204; &Igrave; Ì Capital I, grave accent  
&#205; &Iacute; Í Capital I, acute accent  
&#206; &Icirc; Î Capital I, circumflex accent  
&#207; &Iuml; Ï Capital I, umlaut  
&#208; &ETH; 1 Capital eth, Icelandic  
&#209; &Ntilde; Ñ Capital N, tilde  
&#210; &Ograve; Ò Capital O, grave accent  
&#211; &Oacute; Ó Capital O, acute accent  
&#212; &Ocirc; Ô Capital O, circumflex accent  
&#213; &Otilde; Õ Capital O, tilde  
&#214; &Ouml; Ö Capital O, umlaut  
&#215; &times; x Multiply sign P
&#216; &Oslash; Ø Capital O, slash  
&#217; &Ugrave; Ù Capital U, grave accent  
&#218; &Uacute; Ú Capital U, acute accent  
&#219; &Ucirc; Û Capital U, circumflex accent  
&#220; &Uuml; Ü Capital U, umlaut  
&#221; &Yacute; Ý Capital Y, acute accent  
&#222; &THORN; 5 Capital thorn, Icelandic  
&#223; &szlig; 0 Small sz ligature, German  
&#224; &agrave; à Small a, grave accent  
&#225; &aacute; á Small a, acute accent  
&#226; &acirc; â Small a, circumflex accent  
&#227; &atilde; ã Small a, tilde  
&#228; &auml; ä Small a, umlaut  
&#229; &aring; å Small a, ring  
&#230; &aelig; æ Small ae ligature  
&#231; &ccedil; ç Small c, cedilla  
&#232; &egrave; è Small e, grave accent  
&#233; &eacute; é Small e, acute accent  
&#234; &ecirc; ê Small e, circumflex accent  
&#235; &euml; ë Small e, umlaut  
&#236; &igrave; ì Small i, grave accent  
&#237; &iacute; í Small i, acute accent  
&#238; &icirc; î Small i, circumflex accent  
&#239; &iuml; ï Small i, umlaut  
&#240; &eth; 2 Small eth, Icelandic  
&#241; &ntilde; ñ Small n, tilde  
&#242; &ograve; ò Small o, grave accent  
&#243; &oacute; ó Small o, acute accent  
&#244; &ocirc; ô Small o, circumflex accent  
&#245; &otilde; õ Small o, tilde  
&#246; &ouml; ö Small o, umlaut  
&#247; &divide; (Division sign) Division sign P
&#248; &oslash; ø Small o, slash  
&#249; &ugrave; ù Small u, grave accent  
&#250; &uacute; ú Small u, acute accent  
&#251; &ucirc; û Small u, circumflex accent  
&#252; &uuml; ü Small u, umlaut  
&#253; &yacute; ý Small y, acute accent  
&#254; &thorn; þ Small thorn, Icelandic  
&#255; &yuml; ÿ Small y, umlaut  


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