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HTML: The Definitive Guide

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E. Character Entities

The following table collects the defined standard, proposed, and several nonstandard, but generally supported, character entities for HTML.

Entity names, if defined, appear for their respective characters and can be used in the HTML character-entity sequence &name; to define any character for display by the browser. Otherwise, or alternatively for named characters, use the character's three-digit numeral value in the sequence &#nnn; to specially define an HTML character entity. Actual characters, however, may or may not be displayed by the browser depending on the computer platform and user-selected font for display.

Not all 256 characters in the ISO character set appear in the table. Missing ones are not recognized by the browser as either named or numeric entities.

To be sure that your documents are fully compliant with the HTML 3.2 standard, use only those named character entities whose conformance column is blank. Characters whose conformance column contains a "P" (Proposed) are generally supported by the current browsers, although not part of the HTML standard. Defy compliance by using the nonstandard "N" entities.

Numeric Entity Named Entity Symbol Description Conformance
	     Horizontal tab  

     Line feed  

     Carriage return  
      Space  
!   ! Exclamation point  
" " [Graphic: Figure from the text] Quotation mark  
#   # Hash mark  
$   $ Dollar sign  
%   % Percent sign  
& & & Ampersand  
'   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Apostrophe  
(   ( Left parenthesis  
)   ) Right parenthesis  
*   * Asterisk  
+   + Plus sign  
,   , Comma  
-   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Hyphen  
.   . Period  
/   / Slash  
0 - 9   0-9 Digits 0-9  
:   : Colon  
&#059;   ; Semicolon  
&#060; &lt; < Less than  
&#061;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Equals sign  
&#062; &gt; > Greater than  
&#063;   ? Question mark  
&#064;   @ Commercial at sign  
&#065; - &#090;   A-Z Letters A-Z  
&#091;   [ Left square bracket  
&#092;   \ Backslash  
&#093;   ] Right square bracket  
&#094;   ^ Caret  
&#095;   _ Underscore  
&#096;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Gravè accent  
&#097; - &#122;   a-z Letters a-z  
&#123;   { Left curly brace  
&#124;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Vertical bar  
&#125;   } Right curly brace  
&#126;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Tilde  
&#130;   ,   N
&#131;   f Florin N
&#132;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Right double quote N
&#133;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Ellipsis N
&#134;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Dagger N
&#135;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Double dagger N
&#136;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Circumflex N
&#137;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Permil N
&#138;  

_

  N
&#139;   < Less than sign N
&#140;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital OE ligature N
&#145;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Left single quote N
&#146;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Right single quote N
&#147;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Left double quote N
&#148;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Right double quote N
&#149;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Bullet N
&#150;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Em dash N
&#151;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

En dash N
&#152;   [Graphic: Figure from the text] Tilde N
&#153;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Trademark N
&#154;  

_

  N
&#155;   > Greater than sign N
&#156;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small oe ligature N
&#159;  

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital Y, umlaut N
&#160; &nbsp;   Nonbreaking space P
&#161; &iexcl;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Inverted exclamation point P
&#162; &cent;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Cent sign P
&#163; &pound;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Pound sign P
&#164; &curren;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

General currency sign P
&#165; &yen;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Yen sign P
&#166; &brvbar;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Broken vertical bar P
&#167; &sect;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Section sign P
&#168; &uml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Umlaut P
&#169; &copy;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Copyright P
&#170; &ordf;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Feminine ordinal P
&#171; &laquo;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Left angle quote P
&#172; &not;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Not sign P
&#173; &shy;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Soft hyphen P
&#174; &reg;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Registered trademark P
&#175; &macr;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Macron accent P
&#176; &deg;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Degree sign P
&#177; &plusmn;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Plus or minus P
&#178; &sup2;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Superscript 2 P
&#179; &sup3;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Superscript 3 P
&#180; &acute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Acute accent P
&#181; &micro;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Micro sign (Greek mu) P
&#182; &para;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Paragraph sign P
&#183; &middot;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Middle dot P
&#184; &cedil;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Cedilla P
&#185; &sup1;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Superscript 1 P
&#186; &ordm;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Masculine ordinal P
&#187; &raquo;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Right angle quote P
&#188; &frac14;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Fraction one-fourth P
&#189; &frac12; [Graphic: Figure from the text] Fraction one-half P
&#190; &frac34;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Fraction three-fourths P
&#191; &iquest;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Inverted question mark P
&#192; &Agrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, grave accent  
&#193; &Aacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, acute accent  
&#194; &Acirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, circumflex accent  
&#195; &Atilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, tilde  
&#196; &Auml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, umlaut  
&#197; &Aring;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital A, ring  
&#198; &AElig;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital AE ligature  
&#199; &Ccedil;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital C, cedilla  
&#200; &Egrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital E, grave accent  
&#201; &Eacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital E, acute accent  
&#202; &Ecirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital E, circumflex accent  
&#203; &Euml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital E, umlaut  
&#204; &Igrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital I, grave accent  
&#205; &Iacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital I, acute accent  
&#206; &Icirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital I, circumflex accent  
&#207; &Iuml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital I, umlaut  
&#208; &ETH;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital eth, Icelandic  
&#209; &Ntilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital N, tilde  
&#210; &Ograve;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, grave accent  
&#211; &Oacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, acute accent  
&#212; &Ocirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, circumflex accent  
&#213; &Otilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, tilde  
&#214; &Ouml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, umlaut  
&#215; &times;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Multiply sign P
&#216; &Oslash;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital O, slash  
&#217; &Ugrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital U, grave accent  
&#218; &Uacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital U, acute accent  
&#219; &Ucirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital U, circumflex accent  
&#220; &Uuml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital U, umlaut  
&#221; &Yacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital Y, acute accent  
&#222; &THORN;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Capital thorn, Icelandic  
&#223; &szlig;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small sz ligature, German  
&#224; &agrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, grave accent  
&#225; &aacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, acute accent  
&#226; &acirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, circumflex accent  
&#227; &atilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, tilde  
&#228; &auml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, umlaut  
&#229; &aring;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small a, ring  
&#230; &aelig;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small ae ligature  
&#231; &ccedil;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small c, cedilla  
&#232; &egrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small e, grave accent  
&#233; &eacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small e, acute accent  
&#234; &ecirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small e, circumflex accent  
&#235; &euml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small e, umlaut  
&#236; &igrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small i, grave accent  
&#237; &iacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small i, acute accent  
&#238; &icirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small i, circumflex accent  
&#239; &iuml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small i, umlaut  
&#240; &eth;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small eth, Icelandic  
&#241; &ntilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small n, tilde  
&#242; &ograve;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, grave accent  
&#243; &oacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, acute accent  
&#244; &ocirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, circumflex accent  
&#245; &otilde;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, tilde  
&#246; &ouml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, umlaut  
&#247; &divide;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Division sign P
&#248; &oslash;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small o, slash  
&#249; &ugrave;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small u, grave accent  
&#250; &uacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small u, acute accent  
&#251; &ucirc;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small u, circumflex accent  
&#252; &uuml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small u, umlaut  
&#253; &yacute;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small y, acute accent  
&#254; &thorn;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small thorn, Icelandic  
&#255; &yuml;

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Small y, umlaut  


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