goto - create spaghetti code
goto-LABEL form finds the statement labeled with
LABEL and resumes execution there. It may not be used
to go into any construct that requires initialization, such as a subroutine
foreach loop. It also can't be used to go into a construct that is optimized away,
or to get out of a block or subroutine given to sort(). It can be used to go almost anywhere else within the dynamic scope,
including out of subroutines, but it's usually better to use some other
construct such as last or die(). The author of Perl has never felt the need to use this form of goto (in Perl, that is--C is another matter).
goto-EXPR form expects a label name, whose scope will be resolved dynamically. This
allows for computed gotos per
FORTRAN, but isn't necessarily recommended if you're
optimizing for maintainability:
goto ("FOO", "BAR", "GLARCH")[$i];
goto-&NAME form is highly magical, and substitutes a call to the named subroutine for
the currently running subroutine. This is used by
AUTOLOAD subroutines that wish to load another subroutine and then pretend that the
other subroutine had been called in the first place (except that any
@_ in the current subroutine are propagated to the other subroutine.) After
the goto, not even caller()
will be able to tell that this routine was called first.
If rather than formatting bugs, you encounter substantive content errors in these documents, such as mistakes in the explanations or code, please use the perlbug utility included with the Perl distribution.