close - close file (or pipe or socket) handle
Closes the file or pipe associated with the file handle, returning TRUE only if stdio successfully flushes buffers and closes the system file descriptor. Closes the currently selected filehandle if the argument is omitted.
You don't have to close
FILEHANDLE if you are immediately going to do another open() on it, because open() will close it for you. (See
open().) However, an explicit close() on an input file resets the line counter (
$.), while the implicit close done by open() does not.
If the file handle came from a piped open close() will additionally return
FALSE if one of the other system calls involved fails
or if the program exits with non-zero status. (If the only problem was that
the program exited non-zero
$! will be set to
0.) Also, closing a pipe waits for the process executing on the pipe to
complete, in case you want to look at the output of the pipe afterwards.
Closing a pipe explicitly also puts the exit status value of the command
open(OUTPUT, '|sort >foo') # pipe to sort or die "Can't start sort: $!"; #... # print stuff to output close OUTPUT # wait for sort to finish or warn $! ? "Error closing sort pipe: $!" : "Exit status $? from sort"; open(INPUT, 'foo') # get sort's results or die "Can't open 'foo' for input: $!";
FILEHANDLE may be an expression whose value can be used as an indirect filehandle, usually the real filehandle name.
If rather than formatting bugs, you encounter substantive content errors in these documents, such as mistakes in the explanations or code, please use the perlbug utility included with the Perl distribution.