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NAME

B::Lint - Perl lint


SYNOPSIS

perl -MO=Lint[,OPTIONS] foo.pl


DESCRIPTION

The B::Lint module is equivalent to an extended version of the -w option of perl. It is named after the program lint which carries out a similar process for C programs.


OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS

Option words are separated by commas (not whitespace) and follow the usual conventions of compiler backend options. Following any options (indicated by a leading -) come lint check arguments. Each such argument (apart from the special all and none options) is a word representing one possible lint check (turning on that check) or is no-foo (turning off that check). Before processing the check arguments, a standard list of checks is turned on. Later options override earlier ones. Available options are:

context

Produces a warning whenever an array is used in an implicit scalar context. For example, both of the lines

    $foo = length(@bar);
    $foo = @bar;
will elicit a warning. Using an explicit B<scalar()> silences the
warning. For example,

    $foo = scalar(@bar);
implicit-read and implicit-write

These options produce a warning whenever an operation implicitly reads or (respectively) writes to one of Perl's special variables. For example, implicit-read will warn about these:

    /foo/;

and implicit-write will warn about these:

    s/foo/bar/;

Both implicit-read and implicit-write warn about this:

    for (@a) { ... }
dollar-underscore

This option warns whenever $_ is used either explicitly anywhere or as the implicit argument of a print statement.

private-names

This option warns on each use of any variable, subroutine or method name that lives in a non-current package but begins with an underscore (``_''). Warnings aren't issued for the special case of the single character name ``_'' by itself (e.g. $_ and @_).

undefined-subs

This option warns whenever an undefined subroutine is invoked. This option will only catch explicitly invoked subroutines such as foo() and not indirect invocations such as &$subref() or $obj->meth(). Note that some programs or modules delay definition of subs until runtime by means of the AUTOLOAD mechanism.

regexp-variables

This option warns whenever one of the regexp variables $', $& or $' is used. Any occurrence of any of these variables in your program can slow your whole program down. See the perlre manpage for details.

all

Turn all warnings on.

none

Turn all warnings off.


NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS

-u Package

Normally, Lint only checks the main code of the program together with all subs defined in package main. The -u option lets you include other package names whose subs are then checked by Lint.


BUGS

This is only a very preliminary version.


AUTHOR

Malcolm Beattie, mbeattie@sable.ox.ac.uk.


DISCLAIMER

We are painfully aware that these documents may contain incorrect links and misformatted HTML. Such bugs lie in the automatic translation process that automatically created the hundreds and hundreds of separate documents that you find here. Please do not report link or formatting bugs, because we cannot fix per-document problems. The only bug reports that will help us are those that supply working patches to the installhtml or pod2html programs, or to the Pod::HTML module itself, for which I and the entire Perl community will shower you with thanks and praises.

If rather than formatting bugs, you encounter substantive content errors in these documents, such as mistakes in the explanations or code, please use the perlbug utility included with the Perl distribution.

--Tom Christiansen, Perl Documentation Compiler and Editor


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