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Perl in a Nutshell

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8.20 B::Xref

Perl compiler backend that generates a cross-reference listing of variables, subroutines, and formats in a Perl program. Results are grouped by file, then subroutine, then package, then objects within the package with line numbers. The line numbers are given as a comma-separated list. A line number may be preceded by one of the following code letters:

CodeMeaning
%Subroutine or method call
fFormat definition
iIntroduction, e.g., a lexical defined with my
sSubroutine definition

Invoke B::Xref like this:

perl -MO=Xref[,options] program
program is the Perl program whose cross-reference you want. Options are separated by commas and follow normal backend option conventions. The possible options are:

-D

Specifies internal debug options. Most useful if specified with -r option. Debug options are:

O

Prints each operator as it's being processed, in the execution order of the program.

t

Prints the object on the top of the stack as it is being tracked.

-ofilename

Sends output to filename instead of STDOUT.

-r

Produces raw output in machine-readable form for each definition or use of a variable, subroutine, or format.


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