Полезная информация

Java Fundamental Classes Reference

Previous Chapter 17
The java.util Package
Next
 

Properties

Name

Properties

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.util.Properties

Superclass:

java.util.Hashtable

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

JDK 1.0 or later

Description

The Properties class is a subclass of Hashtable that deals exclusively with string keys and string values. Furthermore, a Properties object can be written to an OutputStream and read from an InputStream. Note that the load() and save() correctly convert Unicode strings to and from byte streams, using the getLocalizedInputStream() and getLocalizedOutputStream() methods of Runtime.

Class Summary

public class java.util.Properties extends java.util.Hashtable {
  // Variables
  protected Properties defaults;
  // Constructors
  public Properties();
  public Properties(Properties defaults);
  // Instance Methods
  public String getProperty(String key);
  public String getProperty(String key, String defaultValue);
  public void list(PrintStream out);
  public void list(PrintWriter out);                     // New in 1.1
  public synchronized void load(InputStream in);
  public Enumeration propertyNames();
  public synchronized void save(OutputStream out, String header);
}

Variables

defaults

protected Properties defaults

Description

A collection of default property values. If a key/value pair is not found in this Properties object, the defaults object is searched.

Constructors

Properties

public Properties()

Description

This constructor creates an empty Properties object.

public Properties(Properties defaults)

Parameters

defaults

A set of default key/value pairs.

Description

This constructor creates an empty Properties object that gets default values for keys that it does not contain from the given Properties object.

Instance Methods

getProperty

public String getProperty(String key)

Parameters

key

The key of the value to retrieve.

Returns

The value of the given property or null if the key is not associated with any value.

Description

This method returns the value that is associated with the given key. If the key is not found, a default value is returned if this object was created with a default Properties table that contains a value for the key. If neither a value nor a default value can be found, this method returns null.

public String getProperty(String key, String defaultValue)

Parameters

key

The key of the value to retrieve.

defaultValue

The value to return if key cannot be found.

Returns

The value of the given property or defaultValue if the key is not associated with any value.

Description

This method returns the value that is associated with the given key. If the key is not found, a default value is returned if this object was created with a default Properties table that contains a value for the key. If neither a value nor a default value can be found, this method returns defaultValue.

list

public void list(PrintStream out)

Parameters

out

The output stream to use.

Description

This method writes a listing of the contents of this object, in a format suitable for debugging, to the given PrintStream. As of JDK 1.1, use list(PrintWriter) instead.

public void list(PrintWriter out)

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Parameters

out

The output stream to use.

Description

This method writes a listing of the contents of this object, in a format suitable for debugging, to the given PrintWriter.

load

public synchronized void load(InputStream in) throws IOException

Parameters

in

The input stream to use.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Description

This method reads key/value pairs from the given InputStream. Here is the format the method expects:

  • Lines that begin with # or ! are comments and are ignored.

  • Blank lines are ignored.

  • All other lines should specify a key/value pair and be of the form:

    key = value
    

    or

    key : value
    

    or

    key value
    

All of these forms are equivalent. The method also recognizes the following escape characters and treats them as described:

Character

Treatment

\newline

An escaped newline character is ignored, along with the spaces or tabs that follow it

\n

Expands to a newline character

\r

Expands to a return character

\t

Expands to a tab character

\uxxxx

Expands to the Unicode character code specified by the hexadecimal digits

propertyNames

public Enumeration propertyNames()

Returns

The keys in this Properties object as an Enumeration.

Description

This method returns an Enumeration that iterates through the keys in this Properties object.

save

public synchronized void save(OutputStream out, String header)

Parameters

out

The output stream to use.

header

A header string.

Description

This method writes key/value pairs to the given OutputStream. The format of the output is such that it can be read by the load() method.

If header is not null, a # followed by header is written to the OutputStream first, thereby making the content of the string a comment that precedes the key/value pairs.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clear()

Hashtable

clone()

Hashtable

contains(Object)

Hashtable

containsKey(Object)

Hashtable

elements()

Hashtable

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

get(Object)

Hashtable

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

isEmpty()

Hashtable

keys()

Hashtable

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

put(Object, Object)

Hashtable

remove(Object)

Hashtable

size()

Hashtable

toString()

Hashtable

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

   

See Also

Enumeration, Hashtable, InputStream, IOException, OutputStream, PrintStream, PrintWriter, Runtime


Previous Home Next
Observer Book Index PropertyResourceBundle

Java in a Nutshell Java Language Reference Java AWT Java Fundamental Classes Exploring Java