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GregorianCalendar

Name

GregorianCalendar

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.util.GregorianCalendar

Superclass:

java.util.Calendar

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The GregorianCalendar class is a subclass of the abstract Calendar class. GregorianCalendar provides an implementation of the calendar that much of the world uses. GregorianCalendar has two eras, BC and AD.

GregorianCalendar provides both Gregorian and Julian dates, depending on the date that is represented by the object. The Gregorian calendar was instituted in October 15, 1582, so any dates before this cut-off time are represented as Julian dates. Some countries switched from the Julian and the Gregorian calendar after that date, however. The cutoff date can be changed using the setGregorianChange() method. When using Julian dates, be aware that this class does not account for the fact that the Julian calendar used March 25 as the beginning of the year. You will have to adjust the year on Julian dates that fall between January 1 and March 24.

You can find a fascinating discussion of the history of Western calendars at http://barroom.visionsystems.com/serendipity/date/jul_greg.html.

Class Summary

public class java.util.GregorianCalendar extends java.util.Calendar {
  // Constants
  public final static int AD;
  public final static int BC;
  // Constructors
  public GregorianCalendar();
  public GregorianCalendar(TimeZone zone);
  public GregorianCalendar(Locale aLocale);
  public GregorianCalendar(TimeZone zone, Locale aLocale);
  public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date);
  public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date, 
                          int hour, int minute);
  public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date, 
                          int hour, int minute, int second);
  // Instance Methods
  public void add(int field, int amount);
  public boolean after(Object when); 
  public boolean before(Object when); 
  public Object clone();
  public boolean equals(Object obj); 
  public int getGreatestMinimum(int field); 
  public final Date getGregorianChange();
  public int getLeastMaximum(int field); 
  public int getMaximum(int field); 
  public int getMinimum(int field); 
  public synchronized int hashCode();
  public boolean isLeapYear(int year);
  public void roll(int field, boolean up);
  public void setGregorianChange(Date date);
  // Protected Instance Methods
  protected void computeFields();
  protected void computeTime();
}

Constants

AD

public final static int AD

Description

A constant value that represents the AD era, which stands for anno Domini, Latin for "the year of the Lord". People who do not want to measure years with a Christian connotation call this era CE the Common Era.

BC

public final static int BC

Description

A constant value that represents the BC era, which stands for before Christ, before the birth of Christ. People who do not want to measure years with a Christian connotation call this era BCE, which stands for Before the Common Era.

Constructors

GregorianCalendar

public GregorianCalendar()

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the current time using the system's default time zone and locale. The default time zone is that returned by TimeZone.getDefault(). The default locale is that returned by Locale.getDefault().

public GregorianCalendar(TimeZone zone)

Parameters

zone

The TimeZone to use.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the current time using the supplied time zone and the default locale. The default locale is that returned by Locale.getDefault().

public GregorianCalendar(Locale aLocale)

Parameters

aLocale

The Locale to use.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the current time using the supplied locale and the default time zone. The default time zone is that returned by TimeZone.getDefault().

public GregorianCalendar(TimeZone zone, Locale aLocale)

Parameters

zone

The TimeZone to use.

aLocale

The Locale to use.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the current time using the supplied time zone and locale.

public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date)

Parameters

year

The value for the year field.

month

The value for the month field, where 0 represents the first month.

date

The value for the day-of-the-month field.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the given date in the default time zone and locale. The default time zone is that returned by TimeZone.getDefault(). The default locale is that returned by Locale.getDefault().

 public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date, int hour, int minute) 

Parameters

year

The value for the year field.

month

The value for the month field, where 0 represents the first month.

date

The value for the day-of-the-month field.

hour

The value for the hour field.

minute

The value for the minute field.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the given date and time in the default time zone and locale. The default time zone is that returned by TimeZone.getDefault(). The default locale is that returned by Locale.getDefault().

 public GregorianCalendar(int year, int month, int date, int hour, int minute, int second) 

Parameters

year

The value for the year field.

month

The value for the month field, where 0 represents the first month.

date

The value for the day-of-the-month field.

hour

The value for the hour field.

minute

The value for the minute field.

second

The value for the second field.

Description

This constructor creates a GregorianCalendar that represents the given data and time in the default time zone and locale. The default time zone is that returned by TimeZone.getDefault(). The default locale is that returned by Locale.getDefault().

Instance Methods

add

public void add(int field, int amount)

Parameters

field

The time field to be modified.

amount

The amount to add to the specified field value. This value can be negative.

Throws

IllegalArgumentException

If field is not a valid time field.

Overrides

Calendar.add()

Description

This method adds the given amount to the specified time field. For example, you can compute a date 90 days beyond the current date of this GregorianCalendar by calling add(Calendar.DATE, 90).

after

public boolean after(Object when)

Parameters

when

The object to compare to this GregorianCalendar.

Returns

true if this object is after when; false otherwise.

Overrides

Calendar.after()

Description

This method returns true if when is a GregorianCalendar whose value falls before the value of this GregorianCalendar.

before

public boolean before(Object when)

Parameters

when

The object to compare to this GregorianCalendar.

Returns

true if this object is before when; false otherwise.

Overrides

Calendar.before()

Description

This method returns true if when is a GregorianCalendar whose value falls after the value of this GregorianCalendar.

clone

public Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this GregorianCalendar.

Overrides

Calendar.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this GregorianCalendar and returns it. In other words, the returned GregorianCalendar has the same time field values and raw time value as this GregorianCalendar.

equals

public boolean equals(Object when)

Parameters

when

The object to be compared with this object.

Returns

true if the objects are equal; false if they are not.

Overrides

Calendar.equals()

Description

This method returns true if when is an instance of GregorianCalendar, and it contains the same value as the object this method is associated with.

getGreatestMinimum

public int getGreatestMinimum(int field)

Parameters

field

A time field constant.

Returns

The highest minimum value for the given time field.

Overrides

Calendar.getGreatestMinimum()

Description

This method returns the highest minimum value for the given time field, if the field has a range of minimum values. If the field has only one minimum value, this method is equivalent to getMinimum(). All of the fields in GregorianCalendar have only one minimum value.

getGregorianChange

public final Date getGregorianChange()

Returns

The date this GregorianCalendar uses as the change date between the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

Description

By default, GregorianCalendar considers midnight local time, October 15, 1582, to be the date when the Gregorian calendar was adopted. This value can be changed using setGregorianChange().

getLeastMaximum

public int getLeastMaximum(int field)

Parameters

field

A time field constant.

Returns

The lowest maximum value for the given time field.

Overrides

Calendar.getLeastMaximum()

Description

This method returns the lowest maximum value for the given time field, if the field has a range of maximum values. If the field has only one maximum value, this method is equivalent to getMaximum(). For example, for a GregorianCalendar, the lowest maximum value of DATE_OF_MONTH is 28.

getMaximum

public int getMaximum(int field)

Parameters

field

A time field constant.

Returns

The maximum value for the given time field.

Overrides

Calendar.getMaximum()

Description

This method returns the maximum value for the given time field. For example, for a GregorianCalendar, the maximum value of DATE_OF_MONTH is 31.

getMinimum

public int getMinimum(int field)

Parameters

field

A time field constant.

Returns

The minimum value for the given time field.

Overrides

Calendar.getMinimum()

Description

This method returns the minimum value for the given time field. For example, for a GregorianCalendar, the minimum value of DATE_OF_MONTH is 1.

hashCode

public synchronized int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode for this GregorianCalendar.

Overrides

Object.hashCode()

Description

This method returns a hashcode for this object.

isLeapYear

public boolean isLeapYear(int year)

Parameters

year

The year to test.

Returns

true if the given year is a leap year; false otherwise.

Description

This method returns a boolean value that indicates whether or not the specified year is a leap year. Leap years are those years that are divisible by 4, except those that are divisible by 100, unless they are divisible by 400. For example, 1900 is not a leap year because it is divisible by 100 but not by 400. The year 2000 is a leap year.

roll

public void roll(int field, boolean up)

Parameters

field

The time field to be adjusted.

up

A boolean value that indicates if the given field should be incremented.

Throws

IllegalArgumentException

If field is not a valid time field.

Overrides

Calendar.roll()

Description

This method adds or subtracts one time unit from the given time field. For example, to increase the current date by one day, you can call roll(GregorianCalendar.DATE, true).

The method maintains the field being rolled within its valid range. For example, in a calendar system that uses hours and minutes to measure time, rolling the minutes up from 59 sets that field to 0. By the same token, rolling that field down from 0 sets it to 59.

The roll() method does not adjust the value of any other field than the one specified by its field argument. In particular, for calendar systems that have months with different numbers of days, it may be necessary to adjust the month and also year when the day of the month is rolled up. For example, calling roll(GregorianCalendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, true) on a GregorianCalendar that represents December 31, 1996 changes the date to December 1, 1996. In addition, calling roll() may make the fields inconsistent. For example, calling roll(GregorianCalendar.MONTH, true) on a GregorianCalendar that represents January 31, 1997 changes the date to February 31, 1997. It is the responsibility of the caller of roll() to adjust the other fields.

setGregorianChange

public void setGregorianChange(Date date)

Parameters

date

A Date object that represents the new time value.

Description

This method sets the date that this GregorianCalendar uses as the change date between the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The default is midnight local time, October 15, 1582. This is the date that Pope Gregory instituted the calendar in many Catholic countries in Europe. Most Catholic countries followed within a few years. Protestant England and America did not adopt the new calendar until September 14, 1752.

Protected Instance Methods

computeFields

protected void computeFields()

Overrides

Calendar.computeFields()

Description

This method calculates the time fields of this GregorianCalendar from its raw time value.

computeTime

protected void computeTime()

Overrides

Calendar.computeTime()

Description

This method calculates the raw time value of this GregorianCalendar from its time field values.

Inherited Variables

Variable

Inherited From

Variable

Inherited From

areFieldsSet

Calendar

fields

Calendar

isSet

Calendar

isTimeSet

Calendar

time

Calendar

   

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clear()

Calendar

clear(int)

Calendar

complete()

Calendar

finalize()

Object

get(int)

Calendar

getClass()

Object

getFirstDayOfWeek()

Calendar

getMinimumDaysInFirstWeek()

Calendar

getTime()

Calendar

getTimeInMillis()

Calendar

getTimeZone()

Calendar

internalGet(int)

Calendar

isLenient()

Calendar

isSet(int)

Calendar

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

set(int, int)

Calendar

set(int, int, int)

Calendar

set(int, int, int, int, int)

Calendar

set(int, int, int, int, int, int)

Calendar

setFirstDayOfWeek(int)

Calendar

setLenient(boolean)

Calendar

setMinimalDaysInFirstWeek(int)

Calendar

setTime(Date)

Calendar

setTimeInMillis(long)

Calendar

setTimeZone(TimeZone)

Calendar

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

Calendar, Cloneable, Date, IllegalArgumentException, Locale, Serializable, TimeZone


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