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DateFormat

Name

DateFormat

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.text.DateFormat

Superclass:

java.text.Format

Immediate Subclasses:

java.text.SimpleDateFormat

Interfaces Implemented:

java.lang.Cloneable

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The DateFormat class formats and parses dates and times in a locale-specific manner. DateFormat is an abstract class, but it provides factory methods that return useful instances of DateFormat subclasses. These factory methods come in three groups:

Certain of these factory methods allow you to specify the style, or length, of the resulting date and time strings. The interpretation of the style parameter is locale-specific. For the locale Locale.US, the styles and their results are as follows:

FULL

Tuesday, March 04, 1997 12:00:00 o'clock AM EST

LONG

March 04, 1997 12:00:00 AM EST

MEDIUM

04-Mar-97 12:00:00 AM

SHORT

3/4/97 12:00 AM

There is also a DEFAULT style, which is equivalent to MEDIUM.

The DateFormat class defines a number of field constants that represent the various fields in formatted date and time strings. These field constants can create FieldPosition objects.

Class Summary

public abstract class java.text.DateFormat extends java.text.Format
                      implements java.lang.Cloneable {
  // Constants
  public static final int AM_PM_FIELD;
  public static final int DATE_FIELD;
  public static final int DAY_OF_WEEK_FIELD;
  public static final int DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH_FIELD;
  public static final int DAY_OF_YEAR_FIELD;
  public static final int DEFAULT;
  public static final int ERA_FIELD;
  public static final int FULL;
  public static final int HOUR0_FIELD;
  public static final int HOUR1_FIELD;
  public static final int HOUR_OF_DAY0_FIELD;
  public static final int HOUR_OF_DAY1_FIELD;
  public static final int LONG;
  public static final int MEDIUM;
  public static final int MILLISECOND_FIELD;
  public static final int MINUTE_FIELD;
  public static final int MONTH_FIELD;
  public static final int SECOND_FIELD;
  public static final int SHORT;
  public static final int TIMEZONE_FIELD;
  public static final int WEEK_OF_MONTH_FIELD;
  public static final int WEEK_OF_YEAR_FIELD;
  public static final int YEAR_FIELD;
  // Variables
  protected Calendar calendar;
  protected NumberFormat numberFormat;
  // Constructors
  protected DateFormat();
  // Class Methods
  public static Locale[] getAvailableLocales();
  public static final DateFormat getDateInstance();
  public static final DateFormat getDateInstance(int style);
  public static final DateFormat getDateInstance(int style, Locale aLocale);
  public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance();
  public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance(int dateStyle, 
                                 int timeStyle);
  public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance(int dateStyle, 
                                 int timeStyle, Locale aLocale);
  public static final DateFormat getInstance();
  public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance();
  public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance(int style);
  public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance(int style, Locale aLocale);
  // Instance Methods
  public Object clone();
  public boolean equals(Object obj); 
  public final String format(Date date);
  public final StringBuffer format(Object obj, StringBuffer toAppendTo, 
                            FieldPosition fieldPosition); 
  public abstract StringBuffer format(Date date, StringBuffer toAppendTo, 
                               FieldPosition fieldPosition);
  public Calendar getCalendar();
  public NumberFormat getNumberFormat();
  public TimeZone getTimeZone();
  public int hashCode();
  public boolean isLenient();
  public Date parse(String text);
  public abstract Date parse(String text, ParsePosition pos);
  public Object parseObject(String source, ParsePosition pos); 
  public void setCalendar(Calendar newCalendar);
  public void setLenient(boolean lenient);
  public void setNumberFormat(NumberFormat newNumberFormat);
  public void setTimeZone(TimeZone zone);
}

Constants

AM_PM_FIELD

public final static int AM_PM_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the A.M./P.M. field.

DATE_FIELD

public final static int DATE_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the date (day of month) field.

DAY_OF_WEEK_FIELD

public final static int DAY_OF_WEEK_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the day-of-the-week field.

DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH_FIELD

public final static int DAY_OF_WEEK_IN_MONTH_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the day of the week in the current month field.

DAY_OF_YEAR_FIELD

public final static int DAY_OF_YEAR_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the day-of-the-year field.

DEFAULT

public final static int DEFAULT

Description

A constant that specifies the default style.

ERA_FIELD

public final static int ERA_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the era field.

FULL

public final static int FULL

Description

A constant that specifies the most complete style.

HOUR0_FIELD

public final static int HOUR0_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the zero-based hour field.

HOUR1_FIELD

public final static int HOUR1_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the one-based hour field.

HOUR_OF_DAY0_FIELD

public final static int HOUR_OF_DAY0_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the zero-based hour of the day field.

HOUR_OF_DAY1_FIELD

public final static int HOUR_OF_DAY1_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the one-based hour of the day field.

LONG

public final static int LONG

Description

A constant that specifies the long style.

MEDIUM

public final static int MEDIUM

Description

A constant that specifies the medium style.

MILLISECOND_FIELD

public final static int MILLISECOND_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the millisecond field.

MINUTE_FIELD

public final static int MINUTE_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the minute field.

MONTH_FIELD

public final static int MONTH_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the month field.

SECOND_FIELD

public final static int SECOND_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the second field.

SHORT

public final static int SHORT

Description

A constant that specifies the short style.

TIMEZONE_FIELD

public final static int TIMEZONE_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the time-zone field.

WEEK_OF_MONTH_FIELD

public final static int WEEK_OF_MONTH_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the week-of-the-month field.

WEEK_OF_YEAR_FIELD

public final static int WEEK_OF_YEAR_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the week-of-the-year field.

YEAR_FIELD

public final static int YEAR_FIELD

Description

A field constant that represents the year field.

Variables

calendar

protected Calendar calendar

Description

A Calendar object that internally generates the field values for formatting dates and times.

numberFormat

protected NumberFormat numberFormat

Description

A NumberFormat object that internally formats the numbers in dates and times.

Constructors

DateFormat

protected DateFormat()

Description

This constructor creates a DateFormat.

Class Methods

getAvailableLocales

public static Locale[] getAvailableLocales()

Returns

An array of Locale objects.

Description

This method returns an array of the Locale objects for which this class can create DateFormat objects.

getDateInstance

public static final DateFormat getDateInstance()

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the default style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates in the default locale with the default style.

public static final DateFormat getDateInstance(int style)

Parameters

style

A style constant.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the given style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates in the default locale with the given style.

 public static final DateFormat getDateInstance(int style, Locale aLocale) 

Parameters

style

A style constant.

aLocale

The Locale to use.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the given Locale that uses the given style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates in the given locale with the given style.

getDateTimeInstance

public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance()

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the default date and time styles.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates and times in the default locale with the default date and time styles.

 public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance(int dateStyle, int timeStyle) 

Parameters

dateStyle

A style constant.

timeStyle

A style constant.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the given data and time styles.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates and times in the default locale with the given date and time styles.

 public static final DateFormat getDateTimeInstance(int dateStyle, int timeStyle, Locale aLocale) 

Parameters

dateStyle

A style constant.

timeStyle

A style constant.

aLocale

The Locale to use.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the given Locale that uses the given date and time styles.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses dates and times in the given locale with the given date and time styles.

getInstance

public static final DateFormat getInstance()

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale.

Description

This method creates a general purpose DateFormat by calling getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.SHORT, DateFormat.SHORT).

getTimeInstance

public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance()

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the default style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses times in the default locale with the default style.

public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance(int style)

Parameters

style

A style constant.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the default Locale that uses the given style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses times in the default locale with the given style.

 public static final DateFormat getTimeInstance(int style, Locale aLocale) 

Parameters

style

A style constant.

aLocale

The Locale to use.

Returns

A DateFormat appropriate for the given Locale that uses the given style.

Description

This method creates a DateFormat that formats and parses times in the given locale with the given style.

Instance Methods

clone

public Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this DateFormat.

Overrides

Format.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this DateFormat and returns it.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be compared with this object.

Returns

true if the objects are equal; false if they are not.

Overrides

Object.equals()

Description

This method returns true if obj is an instance of DateFormat and is equivalent to this DateFormat.

format

public final String format(Date date)

Parameters

date

The Date object to be formatted.

Returns

A string that contains a formatted representation of the date.

Description

This method formats the given date and returns the result as a string.

 public final StringBuffer format(Object obj, StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition fieldPosition) 

Parameters

obj

The object to be formatted.

toAppendTo

A StringBuffer on which to append the formatted information.

fieldPosition

A date or time field.

Returns

The given buffer toAppendTo with the formatted representation of the object appended to it.

Overrides

Format.format(Object, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

Description

This method formats the given object and appends the result to the given StringBuffer. If fieldPosition refers to one of the time or date fields, its beginning and ending indices are filled with the beginning and ending positions of the given field in the resulting formatted string.

 public abstract StringBuffer format(Date date, StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition fieldPosition) 

Parameters

date

The Date object to be formatted.

toAppendTo

A StringBuffer on which to append the formatted information.

fieldPosition

A date or time field.

Returns

The given buffer toAppendTo with the formatted representation of the date appended to it.

Description

This method formats the given date and appends the result to the given StringBuffer. If fieldPosition refers to one of the time or date fields, its beginning and ending indices are filled with the beginning and ending positions of the given field in the resulting formatted string.

getCalendar

public Calendar getCalendar()

Returns

The internal Calendar object of this DateFormat.

Description

This method returns the Calendar object that this DateFormat uses internally.

getNumberFormat

public NumberFormat getNumberFormat()

Returns

The internal NumberFormat object of this DateFormat.

Description

This method returns the NumberFormat object that this DateFormat uses internally.

getTimeZone

public TimeZone getTimeZone()

Returns

The internal TimeZone object of this DateFormat.

Description

This method returns the TimeZone object that this DateFormat uses internally.

hashCode

public int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode for this object.

Overrides

Object.hashCode()

Description

This method returns a hashcode for this DateFormat.

isLenient

public boolean isLenient()

Returns

A boolean value that indicates the leniency of this DateFormat.

Description

This method returns the current leniency of this DateFormat. A value of false indicates that the DateFormat throws exceptions when it tries to parse questionable data, while a value of true indicates that the DateFormat makes its best guess to interpret questionable data. For example, if the DateFormat is being lenient, a date such as March 135, 1997 is interpreted as the 135th day after March 1, 1997.

parse

public Date parse(String text) throws ParseException

Parameters

text

The string to be parsed.

Returns

The Date object represented by the given string.

Throws

ParseException

If the text cannot be parsed as a date.

Description

This method parses a date from the given string, starting from the beginning of the string.

public abstract Date parse(String text, ParsePosition pos)

Parameters

text

The string to be parsed.

pos

A ParsePosition object that can specify a position in the string.

Returns

The Date object represented by the text starting at the given position.

Description

This method parses a date from the given string, starting from the given position. After the string has been parsed, the given ParsePosition object is updated so that its index is after the parsed text.

parseObject

public Object parseObject(String source, ParsePosition pos)

Parameters

source

The string to be parsed.

pos

A ParsePosition object that can specify a position in the string.

Returns

The object represented by the text starting at the given position.

Overrides

Format.parseObject(String, ParsePosition)

Description

This method parses a date from the given string, starting from the given position. After the string has been parsed, the given ParsePosition object is updated so that its index is after the parsed text.

setCalendar

public void setCalendar(Calendar newCalendar)

Parameters

newCalendar

The new Calendar to use.

Description

This method sets the Calendar that this DateFormat uses internally.

setLenient

public void setLenient(boolean lenient)

Parameters

lenient

A boolean value that specifies the leniency of this DateFormat.

Description

This method sets the leniency of this DateFormat. A value of false specifies that the DateFormat throws exceptions when it tries to parse questionable data, while a value of true indicates that the DateFormat makes its best guess to interpret questionable data. For example, if the Calendar is being lenient, a date such as March 135, 1997 is interpreted as the 135th day after March 1, 1997.

setNumberFormat

public void setNumberFormat(NumberFormat newNumberFormat)

Parameters

newNumberFormat

The new NumberFormat to use.

Description

This method sets the NumberFormat that this DateFormat uses internally.

setTimeZone

public void setTimeZone(TimeZone zone)

Parameters

zone

The new TimeZone to use.

Description

This method sets the TimeZone that this DateFormat uses internally.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

finalize()

Object

format(Object)

Format

getClass()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

parseObject(String)

Format

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

Calendar, Cloneable, Date, FieldPosition, Format, Locale, NumberFormat, ParsePosition, String, StringBuffer, TimeZone


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