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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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Throwable

Name

Throwable

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.lang.Throwable

Superclass:

java.lang.Object

Immediate Subclasses:

java.lang.Error, java.lang.Exception

Interfaces Implemented:

java.io.Serializable

Availability:

JDK 1.0 or later

Description

The Throwable class is the superclass of all objects that can be thrown by the throw statement in Java. This is a requirement of the throw statement.

A Throwable object can have an associated message that provides more detail about the particular error or exception that is being thrown.

The Throwable class provides a method that outputs information about the state of the system when an exception object is created. This method can be useful in debugging Java programs.

The subclasses of Throwable that are provided with Java do not add functionality to Throwable. Instead, they offer more specific classifications of errors and exceptions.

Class Summary

public class java.lang.Throwable extends java.lang.Object 
                                 implements java.lang.Serializable {
    // Constructors
    public Throwable();
    public Throwable(String message);
    // Instance Methods
    public native Throwable fillInStackTrace();
    public String getLocalizedMessage();               // New in 1.1
    public String getMessage();
    public void printStackTrace();
    public void printStackTrace(PrintStream s);
    public void printStackTrace(PrintWriter s);        // New in 1.1
    public String toString();
}

Constructors

Throwable

public Throwable()

Description

Creates a Throwable object with no associated message. This constructor calls fillInStackTrace() so that information is available for printStackTrace().

public Throwable(String message)

Parameters

message

A message string to be associated with the object.

Description

Create a Throwable object with an associated message. This constructor calls fillInStackTrace() so that information is available for printStackTrace().

Instance Methods

fillInStackTrace

public native Throwable fillInStackTrace()

Returns

A reference to this object.

Description

This method puts stack trace information in this Throwable object. It is not usually necessary to explicitly call this method, since it is called by the constructors of the class. However, this method can be useful when rethrowing an object. If the stack trace information in the object needs to reflect the location that the object is rethrows from, fillInStackTrace() should be called.

getLocalizedMessage

public String getLocalizedMessage()

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Returns

A localized version of the String object associated with this Throwable object, or null if there is no message associated with this object.

Description

This method creates a localized version of the message that was associated with this object by its constructor.

The getLocalizedMessage() method in Throwable always returns the same result as getMessage(). A subclass must override this method to produce a locale-specific message.

getMessage

public String getMessage()

Returns

The String object associated with this Throwable object, or null if there is no message associated with this object.

Description

This method returns any string message that was associated with this object by its constructor.

printStackTrace

public void printStackTrace()

Description

This method outputs the string representation of this Throwable object and a stack trace to System.err.

public void printStackTrace(PrintStream s)

Parameters

s

A java.io.PrintStream object.

Description

This method outputs the string representation of this Throwable object and a stack trace to the specified PrintStream object.

public void printStackTrace(PrintStream w)

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Parameters

s

A java.io.PrintWriter object.

Description

This method outputs the string representation of this Throwable object and a stack trace to the specified PrintWriter object.

toString

public String toString()

Returns

A string representation of this object.

Overrides

Object.toString()

Description

This method returns a string representation of this Throwable object.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

Error, Exception, Object


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