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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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PipedInputStream

Name

PipedInputStream

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.io.PipedInputStream

Superclass:

java.io.InputStream

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

JDK 1.0 or later

Description

The PipedInputStream class represents half of a communication pipe; a PipedInputStream must be connected to a PipedOutputStream. When the two halves of a communication pipe are connected, data written to the PipedOutputStream can be read from the PipedInputStream. The communication pipe formed by a PipedInputStream and a PipedOutputStream should be used to communicate between threads. If both ends of a pipe are used by the same thread, the thread can hang.

Class Summary

public class java.io.PipedInputStream extends java.io.InputStream {
  // Variables
  protected byte[] buffer;                        // New in 1.1
  protected int in;                               // New in 1.1
  protected int out;                              // New in 1.1
  protected final static int PIPE_SIZE;           // New in 1.1
  // Constructors
  public PipedInputStream();
  public PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src);
  // Public Instance Methods
  public synchronized int available();            // New in 1.1
  public void close();
  public void connect(PipedOutputStream src);
  public synchronized int read();
  public synchronized int read(byte[] b, int off, int len);

  // Protected Instance Methods
  protected synchronized void receive(int b);     // New in 1.1
}

Variables

buffer

protected byte[] buffer

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The internal data buffer. The buffer receives data from the connected PipedOutputStream and supplies data for the calls to read().

in

protected int in

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

An index into the buffer that points to the byte after the last byte of valid data. A value of -1 indicates that the buffer is empty.

out

protected int out

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

An index into the buffer that points to the next byte that will be returned by read().

PIPE_SIZE

public final static int PIPE_SIZE = 1024

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The size of the internal data buffer. The buffer receives data from the connected PipedOutputStream and supplies data for the calls to read().

Constructors

PipedInputStream

public PipedInputStream()

Description

This constructor creates a PipedInputStream that is not connected to a PipedOutputStream. The created object must be connected to a PipedOutputStream before it can be used.

public PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src) throws IOException

Parameters

src

The PipedOutputStream to connect.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Description

This constructor creates a PipedInputStream that receives data from the given PipedOutputStream.

Public Instance Methods

available

public synchronized int available() throws IOException

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Returns

The number of bytes that can be read without blocking.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

InputStream.available()

Description

This method returns the number of bytes that can be read without having to wait for more data to become available. More data becomes available in the PipedInputStream when data is written to the connected PipedOutputStream.

close

public void close() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

InputStream.close()

Description

This method closes the stream and releases the system resources that are associated with it.

connect

public void connect(PipedOutputStream src) throws IOException

Parameters

src

The PipedOutputStream to connect.

Throws

IOException

If another PipedOutputStream is already connected to this PipedInputStream.

Description

This method connects the given PipedOutputStream to this PipedInputStream object. If there is already a connected PipedOutputStream, an exception is thrown.

read

public synchronized int read() throws IOException

Returns

The next byte of data or -1 if the end of the stream is encountered.

Throws

IOException

If the pipe is broken. In other words, if this PipedInputStream is closed or if the connected PipedOutputStream is dead.

InterruptedIOException

While this method is waiting for input, if the interrupted() method of the thread that invoked this method is called.

Overrides

InputStream.read()

Description

This method returns the next byte from the pipe buffer. If the buffer is empty, the method waits until data is written to the connected PipedOutputStream. The method blocks until the byte is read, the end of the stream is encountered, or an exception is thrown.

 public synchronized int read(byte b[], int off, int len) throws IOException 

Parameters

b

An array of bytes to be filled.

off

An offset into the byte array.

len

The number of bytes to read.

Returns

The actual number of bytes read or -1 if the end of the stream is encountered immediately.

Throws

IOException

If the pipe is broken. In other words, if this PipedInputStream is closed or if the connected PipedOutputStream is dead.

InterruptedIOException

While this method is waiting for buffer space to become available, if the interrupted() method of the thread that invoked this method is called.

Overrides

InputStream.read(byte[], int, int)

Description

This method copies bytes from the pipe buffer into the given array b, starting at index off and continuing for len bytes. If there is at least one byte in the buffer, the method returns as many bytes as are in the buffer (up to len). If the buffer is empty, the method blocks until data is written to the connected PipedOutputStream.

Protected Instance Methods

receive

protected synchronized void receive(int b) throws IOException

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Parameters

b

The byte being received.

Throws

IOException

If the pipe is broken. In other words, if this PipedInputStream is closed.

Description

This method is called by the connected PipedOutputStream object to provide the given value as a byte of input to this PipedInputStream object.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

mark(int)

InputStream

markSupported()

InputStream

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

read(byte[])

InputStream

reset()

InputStream

skip(long)

InputStream

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

InputStream, IOException, PipedOutputStream


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