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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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The java.io Package
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FileOutputStream

Name

FileOutputStream

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.io.FileOutputStream

Superclass:

java.io.OutputStream

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

JDK 1.0 or later

Description

The FileOutputStream class represents a byte stream that writes data to a file. The file can be specified using a FileDescriptor, a File object, or a String that represents a pathname. All of the constructors can throw a SecurityException if the application does not have permission to write to the specified file.

FileOutputStream provides a low-level interface for writing data to a file. Wrap a FileOutputStream with a DataOutputStream or a PrintStream if you need a higher-level interface that can handle writing strings and binary data. You should also think about wrapping a FileOutputStream with a BufferedOutputStream to increase writing efficiency.

Data must be written sequentially to a FileOutputStream; you can either overwrite existing data or append data to the end of the file. If you need random access to file data, use the RandomAccessFile class instead.

Class Summary

public class java.io.FileOutputStream extends java.io.OutputStream {
  // Constructors
  public FileOutputStream(String name);
  public FileOutputStream(String name, boolean append);     // New in 1.1
  public FileOutputStream(File file);
  public FileOutputStream(FileDescriptor fdObj);
  // Public Instance Methods
  public native void close();
  public final FileDescriptor getFD();
  public native void write(int b);
  public void write(byte[] b); 
  public void write(byte[] b, int off, int len);
  // Protected Instance Methods
  protected void finalize();
}

Constructors

FileOutputStream

public FileOutputStream(String name) throws IOException

Parameters

name

A String that contains the pathname of the file to be used for output. The path must conform to the requirements of the native operating system.

Throws

FileNotFoundException

If the named file cannot be found.

SecurityException

If the application does not have permission to write to the named file.

Description

This constructor creates a FileOutputStream that sends its output to the file named by the specified String.

 public FileOutputStream(String name, boolean append) throws IOException 

Availability

New as of JDK 1.1

Parameters

name

A String that contains the pathname of the file to be used for output. The path must conform to the requirements of the native operating system.

append

Specifies whether or not data is appended to the output stream.

Throws

FileNotFoundException

If the named file cannot be found.

SecurityException

If the application does not have permission to write to the named file.

Description

This constructor creates a FileOutputStream that sends its output to the named file. If append is true, the stream is positioned at the end of the file, and data is appended to the end of the file. Otherwise, if append is false, the stream is positioned at the beginning of the file, and any previous data is overwritten.

public FileOutputStream(File file) throws IOException

Parameters

file

The File to use as output.

Throws

FileNotFoundException

If the named file cannot be found.

SecurityException

If the application does not have permission to write to the named file.

Description

This constructor creates a FileOutputStream that sends its output to the file represented by the specified File.

public FileOutputStream(FileDescriptor fdObj)

Parameters

fdObj

The FileDescriptor of the file to use as output.

Throws

SecurityException

If the application does not have permission to write to the specified file.

NullPointerException

If FileDescriptor is null.

Description

This constructor creates a FileOutputStream that sends its output to the file identified by the given FileDescriptor.

Public Instance Methods

close

public native void close() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

OutputStream.close()

Description

This method closes this file output stream and releases any resources used by it.

getFD

public final FileDescriptor getFD() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If there is no FileDescriptor associated with this object.

Description

This method returns the file descriptor associated with the data source of this FileOutputStream.

write

public native void write(int b) throws IOException

Parameters

b

The value to write to the stream.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

OutputStream.write(int)

Description

This method writes a byte containing the low-order eight bits of the given value to the output stream.

public void write(byte[] b) throws IOException

Parameters

b

An array of bytes to write to the stream.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

OutputStream.write(byte[])

Description

This method writes the entire contents of the given array to the output stream.

public void write(byte[] b, int off, int len) throws IOException

Parameters

b

An array of bytes to write to the stream.

off

An offset into the byte array.

len

The number of bytes to write.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

OutputStream.write(byte[], int, int)

Description

This method writes len bytes from the given array, starting at element off, to the output stream.

Protected Instance Methods

finalize

protected void finalize() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Description

This method is called when the FileOutputStream is garbage-collected to ensure that close() is called. If the stream has a valid file descriptor, the close() method is called to free the system resources used by this stream.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

flush()

OutputStream

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

   

See Also

BufferedOutputStream, DataOutputStream, File, FileDescriptor, FileNotFoundException, IOException, NullPointerException, OutputStream, PrintStream, RandomAccessFile, SecurityException


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