Полезная информация

Java Fundamental Classes Reference

Previous Chapter 11
The java.io Package
Next
 

BufferedWriter

Name

BufferedWriter

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.io.BufferedWriter

Superclass:

java.io.Writer

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

A BufferedWriter object provides a more efficient way to write just a few characters at a time to a Writer. BufferedWriter objects use a buffer to store output for an associated Writer. In other words, a large number of characters are stored in an internal buffer and only written when the buffer fills up or is explicitly flushed. A BufferedWriter is more efficient than a regular Writer because the data is written to memory, rather than a disk or a network. Minimizing the number of write operations to a disk or the network minimizes the cumulative overhead for these operations.

You should wrap a BufferedWriter around any Writer whose write() operations may be time consuming or costly, such as a FileWriter or a OutputStreamWriter.

This class is very similar to BufferedOutputStream, but it operates on a stream of Java characters instead of a byte stream; this makes it easier to support internationalization.

Class Summary

public class java.io.BufferedWriter extends java.io.Writer {
  // Constructors
  public BufferedWriter(Writer out);
  public BufferedWriter(Writer out, int size);
  // Instance Methods
  public void close();
  public void flush();
  public void newLine();
  public void write(int c);
  public void write(char[] cbuf, int off, int len);
  public void write(String s, int off, int len);
}

Constructors

BufferedWriter

public BufferedWriter (Writer out)

Parameters

out

The output stream to buffer.

Description

This constructor creates a BufferedWriter that acts on the specified Writer, using a buffer with the default size of 8192 characters.

public BufferedWriter (Writer out, int size)

Parameters

out

The output stream to buffer.

size

The size of buffer to use.

Throws

IllegalArgumentException

If the specified size is less than 0.

Description

This constructor creates a BufferedWriter that acts on the specified Writer, using a buffer that is size bytes long.

Instance Methods

close

public void close() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Writer.close()

Description

This method closes this BufferedWriter and its underlying Writer.

flush

public void flush() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Writer.flush()

Description

This method writes the contents of the buffer to the underlying Writer and calls flush() on the underlying Writer. It is called automatically when the buffer fills up. You can also call it before the buffer is full. This is known as "flushing" the buffer. This method blocks until the underlying write() is complete.

newLine

public void newLine() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Description

This method writes the newline character or characters to the stream. It uses System.getProperty('line.separator') to choose the newline appropriate for the run-time system. Calling this method is preferable to explicitly writing a newline character.

write

public void write(int c) throws IOException

Parameters

c

The value to write.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Writer.write(int)

Description

This method places the low-order 16 bits of the specified value into the buffer. If the buffer is full, it is flushed, and the value c is placed in the newly empty buffer. If the buffer is flushed, this method blocks while the data is written; otherwise this method returns immediately.

 public void write(char[] cbuf, int off, int len) throws IOException 

Parameters

cbuf

An array of characters to write.

off

An offset into the character array.

len

The number of characters to write.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Writer.write(char[], int, int)

Description

This method copies len characters from cbuf, starting at off, into the buffer. If there is enough space left in the buffer for the new data, it is copied into the buffer, and the method returns immediately. Otherwise, the buffer is filled and flushed repeatedly until all the new data has been copied into the buffer.

public void write(String s, int off, int len) throws IOException

Parameters

s

The string to be written.

off

An offset into the string.

len

The number of characters to write.

Throws

IOException

If an I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Writer.write(String, int, int)

Description

This method copies len characters from s, starting at off, into the buffer. If there is enough space left in the buffer for the new data, it is copied into the buffer and the method returns immediately. Otherwise, the buffer is filled and flushed repeatedly until all the new data has been copied into the buffer.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

write(char[])

Writer

write(String)

Writer

   

See Also

IllegalArgumentException, IOException, String, Writer


Previous Home Next
BufferedReader Book Index ByteArrayInputStream

Java in a Nutshell Java Language Reference Java AWT Java Fundamental Classes Exploring Java