In ed and ex, a command affects only the "current" line - the first line of the file to begin with, and later the site of the last edit or movement command - unless you precede the command with an address to indicate some other line or lines. In sed, most commands apply to every line unless you give an address.
Most line editors address lines in three ways:
with line numbers
with regular expression patterns
with special symbols
It's possible to address single lines or a range of lines.
describes the addresses you can use with ex.
|1,$||All lines in the file.|
|%||All lines; same as |
|Lines x through y.|
|Lines x through y, with current line reset to x.|
|1||Top of file.|
|0||"Before the top" of file. Used to add text above top line: |
|Absolute line number n.|
|n lines before x.|
|n lines after x.|
|-||n lines previous.|
|+||n lines ahead.|
|Line marked with x. (To mark a line, use |
|/||Next line matching pattern.|
|?||Previous line matching pattern.|
If the address specifies a range of lines, the format is:
where x and y are the first and last addressed lines. x must precede y in the file.