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Wildcards
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15.9 nom: List Files that Don't Match a Wildcard

The nom (no match) script takes filenames (usually, expanded by the shell) from its command line. It outputs all filenames in the current directory that don't match. As article 15.2 explains, ksh has a ! operator that works like nom, and tcsh has ^pattern, but other shells don't. Here are some examples of nom:

Here's the script:




trap 


case $* 







comm - 

#! /bin/sh
temp=/tmp/NOM$$
stat=1  # ERROR EXIT STATUS (SET TO 0 BEFORE NORMAL EXIT)
trap 'rm -f $temp; exit $stat' 0 1 2 15

# MUST HAVE AT LEAST ONE ARGUMENT.  ALL MUST BE IN CURRENT DIRECTORY:
case "$*" in
"") echo Usage: `basename $0` pattern 1>&2; exit ;;
*/*) echo "`basename $0` quitting: I can't handle '/'s." 1>&2; exit ;;
esac

# GET NAMES WE DON'T WANT TO MATCH; REPLACE BLANKS WITH NEWLINES:
echo "$*" | tr ' ' '\012' | sort > $temp
# COMPARE TO CURRENT DIRECTORY (-1 = ONE NAME PER LINE); OUTPUT NAMES WE WANT:
ls -1 | comm -23 - $temp
stat=0

You can remove the -1 option on the script's ls command line if your version of ls lists one filename per line by default; almost all versions of ls do that when they're writing into a pipe. Note that nom doesn't know about files whose names begin with a dot (.); you can change that if you'd like by adding the ls -A option (uppercase letter "A", which isn't on all versions of ls).

The script line with tr (35.11) will split filenames containing space characters. You can replace that line with the following three lines; they run more slowly on some shells but will fix this (unlikely) problem:

for 

done | 
for file
do echo "$file"
done | sort > $temp

- JP


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