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UNIX in a Nutshell: System V Edition

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12.9 Special Characters

This subsection lists the following special characters:

The characters in the first table below are available on the standard fonts. The characters in the remaining tables are available only on the special font.

Table 12.1: On the Standard Fonts
CharInputCharacter Name
''Close quote
``Open quote
 - \(em3\4 em dash
--Hyphen or
-\(hyHyphen
-\-Minus in current font
·\(buBullet
 \(sqSquare
_\(ruRule
¼\(141/4
½\(121/2
¾\(343/4
fi\(fifi ligature
fl\(flfl ligature
ff\(ffff ligature
ffi\(Fiffi ligature
ffl\(Flffl ligature
°\(deDegree
[dagger]\(dgDagger
'\(fmFoot mark
¢\(ctCent sign
®\(rgRegistered
©\(coCopyright
Table 12.2: Miscellaneous Characters
CharInputCharacter Name
§\(scSection
´\(aaAcute accent
`\(gaGrave accent
_\(ulUnderrule
->\(->Right arrow
<-\(<-Left arrow
-^\(uaUp arrow
-v\(daDown arrow
|\(brBox rule
[dbldag]\(ddDouble dagger
[rhand]\(rhRight hand
[lhand]\(lhLeft hand
[circle]\(ciCircle
(+)\(vsVisible space indicator (ditroff only)
Table 12.3: Bracket Building Symbols
CharInputCharacter Name
[ltbcb]\(ltLeft top of big curly bracket
[lcbcb]\(lkLeft center of big curly bracket
[lbbcb]\(lbLeft bottom of big curly bracket
[rtbcb]\(rtRight top of big curly bracket
[rcbcb]\(rkRight center of big curly bracket
[rbbcb]\(rbRight bottom of big curly bracket
[\(lcLeft ceiling (left top) of big square bracket
|\(bvBold vertical
[\(lfLeft floor left bottom of big square bracket
]\(rcRight ceiling (right top) of big square bracket
]\(rfRight floor (right bottom) of big square bracket
Table 12.4: Mathematics Symbols
CharInputCharacter Name
+\(plMath plus
-\(miMath minus
=\(eqMath equals
*\(**Math star
/\(slSlash (matching backslash)
[v/]\(srSquare root
\(rnRoot en extender
>=\(>=Greater than or equal to
<=\(<=Less than or equal to
==\(==Identically equal
~\(~~Approx equal
~\(apApproximates
!=\(!=Not equal
×\(muMultiply
÷\(diDivide
±\(+-Plus-minus
U\(cuCup (union)
[cap]\(caCap (intersection)
[subset]\(sbSubset of
[superset]\(spSuperset of
[subset/equal]\(ibImproper subset
[superset/equal]\(ipImproper superset
[infinity]\(ifInfinity
d\(pdPartial derivative
[nabla]\(grGradient
¬\(noNot
[integral]\(isIntegral sign
[proportional]\(ptProportional to
Ø\(esEmpty set
[isin]\(moMember of
|\(orOr

12.9.1 Greek Characters

Characters that have equivalents as uppercase English letters are available on the standard fonts; otherwise, the characters below exist only on the special font.

CharInputChar NameCharInputChar Name
[alpha]\(*aalphaA\(*AALPHA
[beta]\(*bbetaB\(*BBETA
[gamma]\(*ggamma[Gamma]\(*GGAMMA
[delta]\(*ddelta[delta]\(*DDELTA
[epsilon]\(*eepsilonE\(*EEPSILON
[zeta]\(*zzetaZ\(*ZZETA
[eta]\(*yetaH\(*YETA
[theta]\(*htheta[Theta]\(*HTHETA
[iota]\(*iiotaI\(*IIOTA
[kappa]\(*kkappaK\(*KKAPPA
[lambda]\(*llambda[Lambda]\(*LLAMBDA
[mu]\(*mmuM\(*MMU
[nu]\(*nnuN\(*NNU
[xi]\(*cxi[Xi]\(*CXI
[omicron]\(*oomicronO\(*OOMICRON
[pi]\(*ppi[Pi]\(*PPI
[rho]\(*rrhoP\(*RRHO
[sigma]\(*ssigma[Sigma]\(*SSIGMA
[sigma]\(tsterminal sigma
[tau]\(*ttauT\(*TTAU
[upsilon]\(*uupsilon[Upsilon]\(*UUPSILON
[phi]\(*fphi[Phi]\(*FPHI
[chi]\(*xchiX\(*XCHI
[psi]\(*qpsi[Psi]\(*QPSI
[omega]\(*womega[Omega]\(*WOMEGA


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