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UNIX in a Nutshell: System V Edition

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The Awk Scripting Language
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printf

printf [format [, expression(s)]]

Formatted print statement. Fields or variables can be formatted according to instructions in the format argument. The number of arguments must correspond to the number specified in the format sections.

format follows the conventions of the C-language printf statement. Here are a few of the most common formats:

%s

A string.

%d

A decimal number.

%n.mf

A floating point number; n = total number of digits. m = number of digits after decimal point.

%[-]nc

nc specifies minimum field length for format type c, while - justifies value in field; otherwise value is right justified.

format can also contain embedded escape sequences: \n (newline) or \t (tab) being the most common. Spaces and literal text can be placed in the format argument by quoting the entire argument. If there are multiple expressions to be printed, there should be multiple formats specified.

Example

Using the script:

{printf ("The sum on line %s is %d \n", NR, $1+$2)}

The following input line:

5   5

produces this output, followed by a newline:

The sum on line 1 is 10.


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