Полезная информация

UNIX in a Nutshell: System V Edition

UNIX in a Nutshell: System V EditionSearch this book
Previous: Reference: fgrepChapter 2
UNIX Commands
Next: Reference: find
 

file

file [options] files

Classify the named files according to the type of data they contain. file checks the magic file (usually /etc/magic) to identify some file types.

Options

-c

Check the format of the magic file (files argument is invalid with -c ).

-flist

Run file on the filenames in list.

-h

Do not follow symbolic links.

-L

Test the file that is referenced by a symbolic link, rather than the link itself.

-mfile

Use file as the magic file instead of /etc/magic.

Many file types are understood. Output lists each filename, followed by a brief classification such as:

ascii text
c program text
c-shell commands
data
empty
iAPX 386 executable
directory
[nt]roff, tbl, or eqn input text
shell commands
symbolic link to ../usr/etc/arp

Example

List all files that are deemed to be troff/nroff input:

file * | grep roff


Previous: Reference: fgrepUNIX in a Nutshell: System V EditionNext: Reference: find
Reference: fgrepBook IndexReference: find

The UNIX CD Bookshelf NavigationThe UNIX CD BookshelfUNIX Power ToolsUNIX in a NutshellLearning the vi Editorsed & awkLearning the Korn ShellLearning the UNIX Operating System