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UNIX in a Nutshell: System V Edition

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The Bourne Shell and Korn Shell
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if

if condition1
then commands1 
[ elif condition2
	then commands2 ]
 .
 .
 .
[ else commands3 ]
fi

If condition1 is met, do commands1; otherwise, if condition2 is met, do commands2; if neither is met, do commands3. Conditions are usually specified with the test command. See additional examples under : and exit.

Examples

Insert a 0 before numbers less than 10:

if [ $counter -lt 10 ]
then number=0$counter
else number=$counter
fi

Make a directory if it doesn't exist:

if [ ! -d $dir ]; then
   mkdir $dir
   chmod 775 $dir
fi


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