Delivery Agent Equates
Delivery Agent F= Flags
The Timeout Option
Delivery Agent S= and R=
The check_ Rule Sets
Wildcard Operators in the LHS
Positional Operators in the RHS
Other Operators in the RHS
Operators that Return a Triple
The sendmail configuration file, usually called sendmail.cf, provides all the central information that controls the sendmail program's behavior. It lists the location of all the other files sendmail needs to access and the location of all the directories in which sendmail needs to create and remove files. It sets the definitions sendmail uses when rewriting addresses. It defines the rules and sets of rules sendmail uses for transforming mail addresses (and aliases for those addresses) into usable information, such as which delivery agent to use and the correct form of the address to use with that delivery agent.
Each line in the configuration files begins with a key character that defines the function of that line. Any character other than those shown here is an error.
Begins a comment line (the entire line is ignored).
Continues the previous line.
Continues the previous line.
Adds localhost to class
Adds guest.com and visit.com to the
multi-character class named
m with the value our.domain
Defines multi-character macro name
with the value old.domain
Assigns value /u/mail to the environmental variable
(Such assignments are only available to delivery agents that
Imports the value of
USER from the environment and makes
it available to delivery agents.
Fills the class
w with values read from the
Runs the program /usr/sbin/showuu and fills
k with values printed by
Date: header with the value
Return-Path: header with the
value <$g>. This header will only be output
if the P in
?P? appears in the delivery
agent's F= equate
Declares a database named uid to be of class text, which will look up keys in the flat file named /etc/passwd (see §33.8.18). The -z:, -k2, and -v0 say that /etc/passwd has colon-delimited fields, that the key will be in the index 2 field, and the value in the index 0 field, thus converting uid values to login names, see §188.8.131.52).
Declares a mail delivery agent. The name is the symbolic name for this agent. The items in the equate list are described in the next section, "Delivery Agent Equates."
Gives the option
MaxQueueRunSize the value 100
Note that there must be a space
between the O and the option name.
Options are summarized later in this chapter.
Uses the old single-character name J to define the ForwardPath option (see §34.8.27).
Associates the symbolic name
bulk with a delivery priority
of -60. These symbolic names are compared to the
Precedence: header (if one) during delivery, and
used to begin a message's priority in the queue
Defines a rewriting rule (do-while clause) where the RHS rewrites an address while the LHS comparison evaluates to true. The LHS and RHS must be separated by one or more tab characters. Optional tabs and a COMMENT may follow and are not part of the rewriting rule (see §28.1).
Declares a rule-set start to have the name name (where name is either a number or is symbolic text). When name is symbolic, an optional numeric value val may be assigned to it (see §29.1).
Declares that the users bob and jane are "trusted" and may use the -f command-line switch to precondition the sender identity. Users who are not trusted and who use the -f switch cause a warning to be included in the outgoing mail headers (see §22.8.1).
Specifies the version of the configuration file to be 7. An optional slash and a vendor identifier may follow, as /Berkeley (see §27.5).