Every mc file requires minimal information. Table 19.2 shows which m4 items are required and also lists two that are recommended.
|OSTYPE()||Section 19.3.1||Required||Support for your operating system|
|MAILER()||Section 19.3.2||Required||Necessary delivery agents|
|DOMAIN()||Section 19.3.3, "DOMAIN()"||Recommended||Common domain wide information|
|FEATURE()||Section 19.3.4, "FEATURE()"||Recommended||Solutions to special needs|
Note that what is minimally required for a workstation differs from what is minimally required for a central mail server. We recommend that you use these recommendations as a jumping-off point and investigate all the m4 techniques that are available.
Support for various operating systems is supplied with the OSTYPE
m4 command. Every
mc file must declare the operating system
with this command. The available support is supplied by files in
the _CF_DIR_/ostype directory. A listing of those files
looks something like this:
aix2.m4 bsdi1.0.m4 irix4.m4 ptx2.m4 ultrix4.m4 aix3.m4 bsdi2.0.m4 irix5.m4 riscos4.5.m4 unknown.m4 altos.m4 dgux.m4 isc4.1.m4 sco3.2.m4 uxpds.m4 amdahl-uts.m4 domainos.m4 linux.m4 solaris2.m4 aux.m4 dynix3.2.m4 maxion.m4 sunos3.5.m4 bsd4.3.m4 hpux10.m4 nextstep.m4 sunos4.1.m4 bsd4.4.m4 hpux9.m4 osf1.m4 svr4.m4
To include support, select the file that best describes your operating system, delete the .m4 suffix from its name, and include the resulting name in an OSTYPE declaration:
Here, support for the DEC Ultrix operating system is defined.
Note that some of these are not entirely accurate. For example,
ultrix4.1.m4 includes support for Ultrix versions 4.2 and 4.3,
sunos4.1.m4 includes support for SunOS versions
4.1.2, 4.1.3., and 4.1.4.
If you pick a name for which no file exists, or if you misspell the name of the file, an error similar to the following will print:
m4: Can't open ../ostype/ultrux4.1.m4: No such file or directory
If you omit the OSTYPE declaration entirely, you will get the following error:
*** ERROR: No system type defined (use OSTYPE macro)
This causes support for both the
delivery agents to be included. This is the minimal declaration (even
if you don't intend to perform local or program delivery).
Other delivery agents that are recognized by the MAILER() technique are listed in Table 19.3.
|MAILER()||Delivery agents it declares|
|smtp, esmtp, smtp8, relay|
|uucp, uucp-old, uucp-new, uucp-dom, uucp-uudom|
If you use both
New delivery agents can be created by devising a new
file in the _CF_DIR_/mailers directory. The MAILER() m4 technique
performs its inclusion by reading a file with the delivery agent name suffixed with .m4
from that directory.
Some delivery agent equates, such as
M=, can be
modified with the
m4 configuration technique.
Table 30.1 (see Section 30.4, "The Equates") lists all the
equates and shows where to find further information about each of them.
By investigating those sections, you can discover how to tune particular
equates with the m4 technique. For example, the following
mc lines define the program used for local delivery to be mail.local:
define(`LOCAL_MAILER_PATH', `/usr/local/bin/mail.local') MAILER(local)
Note that all modifications to equates must precede the corresponding MAILER() definition. See Section 30.3, "m4 Configuration Syntax" for a complete description of MAILER() and all the ins and outs of using it.
Also note that beginning with V8.8, the MAILER_DEFINITIONS m4 command (see Section 19.6.40) can be used to force your delivery agent definitions to be grouped with the others.
For large sites it can be advantageous to gather all configuration decisions that are common to the entire domain into a single file. The directory to hold domain information files is called _CF_DIR_/domain. The configuration information in those files is accessed by using the DOMAIN() m4 technique, for example,
This line in any of your mc files causes the file _CF_DIR_/domain/uofa.edu.m4 to be included at that point. Examples that come with the distribution illustrate subdomains under Berkeley.EDU. One boilerplate file, named generic.m4, can be used as a starting point for your own domainwide file. For example, if all hosts at your site masquerade behind one email name, you might want to put MASQUERADE_AS (see Section 19.6.42, MASQUERADE-AS) in your domain file. Domain files also form a natural location for the definition of site-specific relays (see Section 19.4.5, "Relays").
If the domain that is specified does not exist or is misspelled, an error similar to the following will be printed:
m4: Can't open ../domain/generik.m4: No such file or directory
The use of DOMAIN() is not mandatory but is recommended.
These declarations causes a file of the name
keyword.m4 to be read at that place
in your .mc file. The available
keyword files are
and each is explained in the section at the end of this chapter.
Note that some keywords require an additional argument.
|Section 19.6.6, FEATURE(allmasquerade)||V8.2 and above||Masquerade the sender too|
|Section 19.6.7, FEATURE(always-add-domain)||V8.1 and above||Add the local domain even on local mail|
|Section 19.6.8, FEATURE(bestmx-is-local)||V8.6 and above||Accept best MX record as local if in |
|Section 19.6.9, FEATURE(bitdomain)||V8.1 and above||Convert BITNET addresses into Internet addresses|
|Section 19.6.10, FEATURE(domaintable)||V8.2 and above||Accept old as equivalent to new domain|
|Section 19.6.11, FEATURE(genericstable)||V8.8 and above||Transform sender addresses|
|Section 19.6.12, FEATURE(limited-masquerade)||V8.8 and above||Only masquerade |
|Section 19.6.13, FEATURE(local-procmail)||V8.7 and above||Use procmail(1) as local delivery agent|
|Section 19.6.14, FEATURE(mailertable)||V8.1 and above||Database selects new delivery agents|
|Section 19.6.15, FEATURE(masquerade-entire-domain)||V8.8 and above||Masquerade all hosts under a domain|
|Section 19.6.16, FEATURE(masquerade-envelope)||V8.7 and above||Masquerade the envelope too|
|Section 19.6.17, FEATURE(nocanonify)||V8.1 and above||Don't canonify with |
|Section 19.6.18, FEATURE(nodns)||V8.6||Omit DNS support from configuration file|
|Section 19.6.19, FEATURE(nouucp)||V8.1 and above||Eliminate all UUCP support|
|Section 19.6.20, FEATURE(nullclient)||V8.6 and above||Relay all mail through a mail host|
|Section 19.6.21, FEATURE(redirect)||V8.1 and above||Add support for address.REDIRECT|
|Section 19.6.22, FEATURE(smrsh)||V8.7 and above||Use smrsh (sendmail restricted shell)|
|Section 19.6.23, FEATURE(notsticky)||V8.1 thru V8.6||Don't differ user from email@example.com|
|Section 19.6.24, FEATURE(stickyhost)||V8.7 and above||Differ user from firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Section 19.6.25, FEATURE(use-ct-file)||V8.7 and above||Use /etc/sendmail.ct for a list of trusted users|
|Section 19.6.26, FEATURE(use-cw-file)||V8.1 and above||Use /etc/sendmail.cw for local hostnames|
|Section 19.6.27, FEATURE(uucpdomain)||V8.1 and above||Convert UUCP hosts via a database|
|Section 19.6.28, FEATURE(virtusertable)||V8.8 and above||Support for virtual domains|
All the features available are described in detail at the end of this chapter (see Section 19.6, "Alphabetized m4 Macros").