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Programming Perl

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Functions
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3.2.154 splice

splice ARRAY, OFFSET, LENGTH, LIST
splice ARRAY, OFFSET, LENGTH
splice ARRAY, OFFSET

This function removes the elements designated by OFFSET and LENGTH from an array, and replaces them with the elements of LIST, if any. The function returns the elements removed from the array. The array grows or shrinks as necessary. If LENGTH is omitted, the function removes everything from OFFSET onward. The following equivalences hold (assuming $[ is 0):

Direct MethodSplice Equivalent
push(@a, $x, $y)splice(@a, $#a+1, 0, $x, $y)
pop(@a)splice(@a, -1)
shift(@a)splice(@a, 0, 1)
unshift(@a, $x, $y)splice(@a, 0, 0, $x, $y)
$a[$x] = $ysplice(@a, $x, 1, $y);

The splice function is also handy for carving up the argument list passed to a subroutine. For example, assuming list lengths are passed before lists:

sub list_eq {       # compare two list values
    my @a = splice(@_, 0, shift);
    my @b = splice(@_, 0, shift);
    return 0 unless @a == @b;       # same len?
    while (@a) {
        return 0 if pop(@a) ne pop(@b);
    }
    return 1;
}
if (list_eq($len, @foo[1..$len], scalar(@bar), @bar)) { ... }

It would probably be cleaner just to use references for this, however.


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