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Previous: 15.10. Reading PasswordsChapter 15
User Interfaces
Next: 15.12. Managing the Screen

15.11. Editing Input


You want a user to be able to edit a line before sending it to you for reading.


Use the standard Term::ReadLine library along with the Term::ReadLine::Gnu module from CPAN:

use Term::ReadLine;

$term = Term::ReadLine->new("APP DESCRIPTION");
$OUT = $term->OUT || *STDOUT;

$line = $term->readline(PROMPT);

print $OUT "Any program output\n";


The program in Example 15.4 acts as a crude shell. It reads a line and passes it to the shell to execute. The readline method reads a line from the terminal, with editing and history recall. It automatically adds the user's line to the history.

Example 15.4: vbsh

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# vbsh -  very bad shell
use strict;

use Term::ReadLine;
use POSIX qw(:sys_wait_h);

my $term = Term::ReadLine->new("Simple Shell");
my $OUT = $term->OUT() || *STDOUT;
my $cmd;

while (defined ($cmd = $term->readline('$ ') )) {
    my @output = `$cmd`;
    my $exit_value  = $? >> 8;
    my $signal_num  = $? & 127;
    my $dumped_core = $? & 128;
    printf $OUT "Program terminated with status %d from signal %d%s\n",
           $exit_value, $signal_num, 
           $dumped_core ? " (core dumped)" : "";
    print @output;

If you want to seed the history with your own functions, use the addhistory method:


You can't seed with more than one line at a time. To remove a line from the history, use the remove_history method, which takes an index into the history list. 0 is the first (least recent) entry, 1 the second, and so on up to the most recent history lines.


To get a list of history lines, use the GetHistory method, which returns a list of the lines:

@history = $term->GetHistory;

See Also

The documentation for the standard Term::ReadLine module and the Term::ReadLine::Gnu from CPAN

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