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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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ResourceBundle

Name

ResourceBundle

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.util. ResourceBundle

Superclass:

java.lang.Object

Immediate Subclasses:

java.util.ListResourceBundle, java.util.PropertyResourceBundle

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The ResourceBundle class is an abstract class that represents a set of localized data. An application retrieves a ResourceBundle based on its locale. A ResourceBundle can contain GUI labels and other locale-specific information that the application needs to run in a specific locale.

Conceptually, a resource bundle is a set of related classes that all inherit from a particular subclass of ResourceBundle. The base resource bundle defines all of the resources for a particular application, while each of the subclasses specifies the appropriate values for a particular locale. Each subclass has the same base name, plus a suffix that identifies its locale.

A static method, getBundle(), is used to locate a resource bundle for a particular locale. This method searches for resources in two forms. First, it looks for a subclass of ResourceBundle or ListResourceBundle with the appropriate name. If one is found, an instance of the class is created and returned. If no appropriate subclass can be found, getBundle() then searches for a property file with the appropriate name. If one is found, a PropertyResourceBundle is created from the file and returned.

The getBundle() method constructs a name from a specified base resource name and the locale. It then searches for either a class or a property file with this name. If the method fails to find an exact match, it tries to find a close match. The method constructs names by dropping to the next name on the list if the current name cannot be found:

For example, if you call getBundle('Labels', new Locale('it', 'IT', 'Be')), the method looks for a class or property file with one of the following names (assuming the default locale is the United States):

A particular ResourceBundle object contains a set of key/value pairs that defines the resources for a particular application. The keys are always String objects that name the resources, while the values can be any sort of object needed for the application. The ResourceBundle class defines convenience methods for retrieving String and String[] objects. If you need to use other kinds of objects, you can use the getObject() method to retrieve them and simply cast the results to the appropriate types.

Class Summary

public abstract class java.util.ResourceBundle extends java.lang.Object {
  // Variables
  protected ResourceBundle parent;
  // Class Methods
  public final static ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName);
  public final static ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName, 
                                              Locale locale);
  // Instance Methods
  public abstract Enumeration getKeys();
  public final Object getObject(String key)j;
  public final String getString(String key);
  public final String[] getStringArray(String key);
  // Protected Instance Methods
  protected abstract Object handleGetObject(String key);
  protected void setParent(ResourceBundle parent);
}

Variables

parent

protected ResourceBundle parent

Description

The parent ResourceBundle of this ResourceBundle. If this ResourceBundle does not contain a particular resource, its parent is searched. The parent can be set using setParent().

Class Methods

getBundle

 public final static ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName) throws MissingResourceException 

Parameters

baseName

The resource name.

Returns

The named ResourceBundle for the default locale.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If a matching ResourceBundle can't be located.

Description

This method finds or constructs the appropriate ResourceBundle subclass specified by baseName and localized for the default locale. See the description of the ResourceBundle class for more information about how this method works.

 public final static ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName, Locale locale) 

Parameters

baseName

The resource name.

locale

The Locale to use.

Returns

The named ResourceBundle for the given locale.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If a matching ResourceBundle can't be located.

Description

This method finds or constructs the appropriate ResourceBundle subclass specified by baseName and localized for the given locale. See the description of the ResourceBundle class for more information about how this method works.

Instance Methods

getKeys

public abstract Enumeration getKeys()

Returns

The keys in the ResourceBundle as an Enumeration.

Description

This method returns an Enumeration that iterates through the keys in this ResourceBundle. A subclass of ResourceBundle must provide an implementation for this method.

getObject

 public final Object getObject(String key) throws MissingResourceException 

Parameters

key

The key of the resource to retrieve.

Returns

The Object identified by key.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If the resource cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the named resource as an Object. If the named resource is not found in this ResourceBundle, the parent ResourceBundle is searched.

getString

 public final String getString(String key) throws MissingResourceException 

Parameters

key

The key of the resource to retrieve.

Returns

The String object identified by key.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If the resource cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the named resource as a String object. This method is a convenience routine that calls getObject() and casts the result to a String object.

getStringArray

 public final String[] getStringArray(String key) throws MissingResourceException 

Parameters

key

The key of the resource to retrieve.

Returns

The String[] array identified by key.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If the resource cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the named resource as an array of String objects. This method is a convenience routine that calls getObject() and casts the result to a String[] object.

Protected Instance Methods

handleGetObject

 protected abstract Object handleGetObject(String key) throws MissingResourceException 

Parameters

key

The key of the resource to retrieve.

Returns

The resource that corresponds to this key.

Throws

MissingResourceException

If the resource cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the resource that corresponds to the given key. This method is called directly by getObject(), so it is called indirectly by getMenu(), getMenuBar(), getString(), and getStringArray().

A subclass of ResourceBundle must provide an implementation for this method.

setParent

protected void setParent(ResourceBundle parent)

Parameters

parent

The new parent of this ResourceBundle.

Description

This method sets the parent ResourceBundle of this ResourceBundle. If a requested resource cannot be found in this ResourceBundle, the parent is searched.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

   

See Also

Enumeration, ListResourceBundle, Locale, PropertyResourceBundle, String


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