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Exploring Java

Previous Chapter 12
Layout Managers

12.7 Absolute Positioning?

It's possible to set the layout manager to null: no layout control. You might do this to position an object on the display at some absolute coordinates. This is almost never the right approach. Components might have different minimum sizes on different platforms, and your interface would not be very portable.

The following applet doesn't use a layout manager and works with absolute coordinates instead:

import java.awt.*; 
public class MoveButton extends java.applet.Applet {  
    Button button = new Button("I Move"); 
    public void init() { 
        setLayout( null ); 
        add( button ); 
        button.setSize( button.getPreferredSize() ); 
        button.move( 20, 20); 
    public boolean mouseDown( Event e, int x, int y ) { 
        button.move( x, y ); 
        return ( true ); 

Click in the applet area, outside of the button, to move the button to a new location. If you are running the example in an external viewer, try resizing the window and note that the button stays at a fixed position relative to the display origin.

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