Полезная информация

Java AWT

Previous Chapter 8
Input Fields
Next
 

8.4 Extending TextField

To extend what you learned so far, Example 8.1 creates a sub-class of TextField that limits the number of characters a user can type into it. Other than the six constructors, all the work is in the keyDown() method. The entire class follows.

Example 8.1: The SizedTextField Class Limits the Number of Characters a User can Type

import java.awt.*;
public class SizedTextField extends TextField {
    private int size;  // size = 0 is unlimited
    public SizedTextField () {
        super ("");
        this.size = 0;
    }
    public SizedTextField (int columns) {
        super (columns);
        this.size = 0;
    }
    public SizedTextField (int columns, int size) {
        super (columns);
        this.size = Math.max (0, size);
    }
    public SizedTextField (String text) {
        super (text);
        this.size = 0;
    }
    public SizedTextField (String text, int columns) {
        super (text, columns);
        this.size = 0;
    }
    public SizedTextField (String text, int columns, int size) {
        super (text, columns);
        this.size = Math.max (0, size);
    }
    public boolean keyDown (Event e, int key) {
        if ((e.id == Event.KEY_PRESS) && (this.size > 0) &&
            (((TextField)(e.target)).getText ().length () >= this.size)) {
            // Check for backspace / delete / tab--let these pass through
            if ((key == 127) || (key == 8) || (key == 9)) {
                return false;
            }
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    protected String paramString () {
        String str = super.paramString ();
        if (size != 0) {
            str += ",size=" + size;
        }
        return str;
    }
}

Most of the SizedTextField class consists of constructors; you really don't need to provide an equivalent to all the superclass's constructors, but it's not a bad idea. The keyDown() method looks at what the user types before it reaches the screen and acts accordingly. It checks the length of the TextField and compares it to the maximum length. It then does another check to see if the user typed a Backspace, Delete, or Tab, all of which we want to allow: if the field has gotten too long, we want to allow the user to shorten it. We also want to allow tab under all circumstances, so that focus traversal works properly. The rest of the logic is simple:


Previous Home Next
TextArea Book Index Pick Me

Java in a Nutshell Java Language Reference Java AWT Java Fundamental Classes Exploring Java